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Article

Space Navigator: a Tool for the Optimization of Collision Avoidance Maneuvers

Gremyachikh L., Dubov D., Kazeev N., Kulibaba A., Skuratov A., Tereshkin A., Ustyuzhanin A., Shiryaeva L., Shishkin S.

The number of space objects will grow several times in a few years due to the planned launches of constellations of thousands microsatellites. It leads to a significant increase in the threat of satellite collisions. Spacecraft must undertake collision avoidance maneuvers to mitigate the risk. According to publicly available information, conjunction events are now manually handled by operators on the Earth. The manual maneuver planning requires qualified personnel and will be impractical for constellations of thousands satellites. In this paper we propose a new modular autonomous collision avoidance system called "Space Navigator". It is based on a novel maneuver optimization approach that combines domain knowledge with Reinforcement Learning methods.