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  • СТАТУСНО-РОЛЕВОЕ ПОЛОЖЕНИЕ ПРЕСТУПНИКА И ПОТЕРПЕВШЕГО КАК КРИТЕРИЙ ДИФФЕРЕНЦИАЦИИ УГОЛОВНОЙ ОТВЕТСТВЕННОСТИ ПО ЗАКОНОДАТЕЛЬСТВУ ДРЕВНЕЙ РУСИ

Article

СТАТУСНО-РОЛЕВОЕ ПОЛОЖЕНИЕ ПРЕСТУПНИКА И ПОТЕРПЕВШЕГО КАК КРИТЕРИЙ ДИФФЕРЕНЦИАЦИИ УГОЛОВНОЙ ОТВЕТСТВЕННОСТИ ПО ЗАКОНОДАТЕЛЬСТВУ ДРЕВНЕЙ РУСИ

Караваева Ю. С.

Analysis of the current criminal law allows us to conclude the existence of relationships between the status-role characteristics of the subject of crime outlined in the criminal law, and the content of its sanctions, reflecting legislative assessment of the degree of social danger of the act and a statesman. Taking into account the historical variability of the law and the criminal law, the appeal to the texts of the editions of the Russian Pravda, Novgorod and Pskov judicial letters shows that the legislator really attached criminal and legal importance to the social situation of not only the guilty person, but also the victim, establishing different severity of punishment. However, it is the legislation of this historical period that for the first time establishes stricter requirements for the official behavior of senior officials, which indicates that the legislator is aware of the increased public danger of crimes committed by them.