This article presents the initial causes of smuggling existence and the influence of customs’ legislation concerning the processes of illegal export and import of goods which is rapidly progressing. The research is based on historical low analysis and the latest discoveries of some historical facts.
At present the struggle against terrorism is extremely important all over the world. Through the prism of Canadian experience the article analyzes the legal framework for measures which the state takes in this struggle.
In the framework of this study, the author analyzes the experience of introducing a jury trial in the territory of the Saratov Guberniya in connection with
the implementation of the Judicial Reform of 1864. The article deals with the issues of legislative and organizational and technical regulation with regard to the institution of the jury trial. Based on the analysis of legislative and procedural documents In the 19th century, the author formulated the corresponding proposals, which allow to optimize legal proceedings with the participation of jurors in modern Russia.
The article is devoted to the researches of the toleration and freedom of religions in Late Imperial Russia, which were written by Russian and western historians and historians of law. The special attention is paid to the recent explorations and the formation of the priority directions of studying of a subject.
The article provides a comparative law analyses of the trends in developments of the sources of religious legal systems of biblical origin (Jewish law, western and eastern traditions in the canon law of the Christian Church); the differences in the form are presented as different manifestations of the common for all the three legal systems power-teaching paradigm.
In the article the analysis of process of formation of the Institute for international cooperation in the nineteenth century. Described the prerequisites for the formation of institutional cooperation. Researched relevant forms – international congresses and conferences, international administrative unions, and international non-governmental organizations, defines their role and importance in the process of formation of the system of international organizations and international law.
The article considers drafting of new rules on the establishment of periodicals in Russian Empire in 1905 with an emphasis on archival materials and other sources. This paper analyzes legislation on the establishment of periodicals in the beginning of the XXth century, which had given to the Minister of Internal Affairs a right to issue a permit for a new periodical. The article focuses on the discussion about this question on the Special Conference for the Drafting of a New Statute on the Press, chaired by Kobeko D.F. Different opinions of advocates and opponents of the permitting procedure, including the point of view, supported by the Ministry of Internal Affairs, are considered. The author concludes that the problem of the permitting procedure for the establishment of magazines and newspapers and its abolishment was of principle importance for the press freedom in Russian Empire.
Article devoted to specific features of status of Russian captives in Central Asian Khanates. Most part of them became slaves with very hard living conditions. But some of them could change their status and obtain promotion taking administrative or military position in one or another khanate. The goal of the article is to clarify reasons of such substantial change in the captives’ status and requirement they had to fulfill for such change. Such information could be found in notes of diplomats and travelers as well as in memoirs of captives themselves.
Article devoted to evolution of authorities’ position on Islamic taxes in the Russian imperial Central Asia. At first authorities of Turkestan saved basic Shariat taxes — zyaket and kharadj, but after strengthening of Russian positions in the region they forced out these taxes and brought the taxation system of Turkestan into accord with imperial one. Besides that, the Russian Empire to certain extent infl uenced on using of the same taxes in Bukharan Emirate and Khivan Khanate which were Russian protectorates
The development of copyright in Russia has a number of significant features and differs considerably from the history of copyright of Western European countries.