Бусы Мокинского могильника III–V/VI вв. н. э. в Пермском Прикамье
The article introduces into the scientific circulation the beads of the Mokinsky burial ground and a number of well-dated complexes (burials). The authors verify the modern concept of the chronology of the monument. Beads from the collections of the Mokinsky burial ground were distributed among the selected chronological zones by the method of planographic analysis. For each of the periods, characteristic trends that were reflected
in the change of cultural and chronological markers. The chronology of the “bead boom” and the fashion for amber beads for the monuments of Prikamye is determined. A wide range of analogies from the monuments of the Volga and Black Sea regions is given for a number of types of beads. A description is given of the color scheme of the cemetery beads, which reveals some cultural specifics in comparison with simultaneous monuments. As a result, the authors confirm the existing dating of the monument, and also reveal the potential for using the planographic analysis of the monument by zones, and not by individual closed complexes.
The collection contains materials of the international scientific-practical conference. The book outlines current issues of the archeology of Kazakhstan and adjacent territories. The collection is addressed to archaeologists, ethnographers, historians and local historians.
The collection contains materials of reports sent to participate in the V International Scientific Conference, held in Aktobe on 6-7 October 2016, dedicated to the complex of events dedicated to the 25th anniversary of Independence Republic of Kazakhstan. The conference is named after the famous Kazakh archaeologist World Kasymovich Kadyrbaeva, who made a great contribution to the study of history and culture Western Kazakhstan. The existing long-standing and strong contacts with the representatives of research centers and Russian museums, Uzbekistan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine received reflected in the materials sent by a wide chronological and thematic range. Proceedings of the conference will be of interest to archaeologists, ethnographers, historians, teachers and students, and anyone interested in the history and culture of Eurasia
Analysis of iconographic and stylistic parallels to monuments from Chilikta in the light of new findings (both within the cemetery and adjacent territories) recently devoted a lot of studies that have been designated important issues at the present stage of studying the culture of the Eurasian nomads in the beginning I thousand. BC .e. On the basis of analysis of current research involving the role of iconographic and stylistic parallels announced interim results: The most important achievements were the clarification of the dating sites, the selection of successive steps in the processes of nucleation and assimilation of certain images and motifs in certain temporal and territorial framework.
Result of a Franco-Russian project (CNRS – Russian Academy of Sciences), this publication presents the latest advances of recent research on the Vikings in a multidisciplinary and comparative perspective across Eastern Europe. It proposes a reflection on the dynamics of cultural exchanges analysed as a process of interactions that have traversed ethnic or social groups, countries, religious beliefs and practices, generations, genders. Questions concerning the specificities of these processes and the reciprocal transformations of Scandinavian settlements and local societies (Frankish, Anglo-Saxon, Slavic, Finnish) are posed. A large part is devoted to the actors involved in these changes (elites, merchants, ecclesiastics, artisans, women, skalds, historiographers...), and the places or areas where they took place. This publication thus participates to the broader reflection on the notions discussed concerning acculturation, cultural transfers and the “middle ground” whose heuristic interest goes far beyond the phenomenon of Scandinavian expansion during the Viking era
The article analyzes the complexes of objects discovered during the 2015-2017 excavations in Mokino that can be interpreted as the remains of the settlement of the Glyadenovo culture preceding the construction of the cemetery. Two construction horizons were revealed, reflecting the stages of the settlement’s functioning. The building No. 2 belongs to the early horizon. During the late horizon (buildings No. 1 and No. 3), the orientation of the buildings has been changed. The structural elements and details of the buildings, reflecting the traditions of housebuilding, are revealed. The buildings from Mokino are considered in the context of the well-known buildings of the early Iron Age of Perm region. The closest analogies of the buildings are present at the Zarodyata settlement, which gives grounds for revising the dating of the monument and referring it to the Glyadenovo culture. It can be concluded that the construction of the dwelling of the “Zarodyata” type was not the development of the earlier “Fedotovо” type, but was used in parallel, even within the same village, and both were the development of the Ananyino housebuilding tradition. A statistical analysis of ceramics based on different methods mutually verifying each other is presented. As a result, clusters were identified reflecting the chronological features of the complexes, which are synchronized with the proposed periodization of materials from the finale of the Early Iron Age of Perm region.
Current estimates of the contribution of Continental migrants to the early medieval English population range from less than 10 000 to as many as 200 000. In contrast, recent studies based on Y-chromosome variation posit a considerably higher contribution to the modern English gene pool (50–100%). Historical evidence suggests that following the Anglo-Saxon transition, people of indigenous ethnicity were at an economic and legal disadvantage compared to those having Anglo-Saxon ethnicity. It is likely that such a disadvantage would lead to differential reproductive success. We examine the effect of differential reproductive success, coupled with limited intermarriage between distinct ethnic groups, on the spread of genetic variants. Computer simulations indicate that a social structure limiting intermarriage between indigenous Britons and an initially small Anglo-Saxon immigrant population provide a plausible explanation of the high degree of Continental male-line ancestry in England.