Метр отрезков длиннее строки в башкирском силлабическом стихе
The paper considers a specific element of syllabic versification on the Bashkir text data. We examine the ordered alternations of lines of different lengths. Such verse forms exist in Turkic verse along with the usual isosyllabic poems. The status of such forms is ambiguous; they can be viewed both as a stanza and as a special meter. A similarly difficult case for traditional verse studies is elegiac distich. Based on the corpus of the texts of 103 Bashkir poets, we analyzed the correlation of isosyllabic and heterosyllabic verse forms. The most common among the latter are “Uzun-kyuy” and “Kyska-kyuy”, forms of folk origin, presented in the regular alternation of 10 and 9 syllables, as well as 8 and 7 syllables in line. “Kyska-kyuy” has analogies in other Turkic traditions, in Tuva, Khakass, Kazakh, and Kyrgyz verse. “Uzunkyuy” seems to be specific to the Volga-Kypchak region. The longer first line is a typological parallel to Russian verse, in which the first line in a stanza is usually longer than the last. The results of the calculations showed that the rhythm of the 8-syllables in the isosyllabic texts and in the Kyska-kyuy is seriously different. In the isosyllabic texts, a caesura is obligatory after the 4th syllable, but in Kyska-kyuy it usually does not exist.
The manual includes the general orientation information on quantitative and qualitative methods, necessary for experts without basic administrative education. With basic education the manual will be useful for experts not only expansion and fixing of knowledge, but also the annex to actual problems of the organization and management. Its feature that it assumes updating, fixing and judgment of knowledge of the subjects studied earlier, on other forms and training steps. The manual will have practical value for the students who are training on master programs for the Management direction.
This paper performs a quantitative analysis of trends in technology mining (TM) approaches using 5 years (2011–2015) of Global TechMining (GTM) conference proceedings as a data source. These proceedings are processed with a help of Vantage Point software, providing an approach “tech mining for analyzing tech mining.” Through quantitative data processing (bibliometric analysis, natural language processing, statistical analysis, principal component analysis (PCA)), this study presents an overview, explores dynamics and potentials for existing and advanced TM methodologies in three layers: related methods, data sources, and software tools. The main groups and combinations of TM and related methods are identified. Key trends and weak signals concerning the use of existing (natural language processing (NLP), mapping, network analysis, etc.) and emerging methods (web scraping, ontology modeling, advanced bibliometrics, semantic the theory of inventive problem solving (TRIZ), sentiment analysis, etc.) are detected. The results are considered to be taken as a guide for researchers, practitioners, or policy makers involved in foresight activity.
Structural equation modelers judge multi-item constructs against three requirements: (a) multiple items converge in a single dimension; (b) individual-level patterns of item convergence are invariant across countries; (c) aggregate-level patterns of item convergence replicate those at the individual level. This approach involves two premises: Measurement validity hinges solely on a construct’s internal convergence, and convergence patterns at the individual level have priority over those at the aggregate level. We question both premises (a) because convergence patterns at the aggregate-level exist in their own right and (b) because only a construct’s external linkages reveal its reality outreach. In support of these claims, we use the example of “emancipative values” to show that constructs can entirely lack convergence at the individual level and nevertheless exhibit powerful and important linkages at the aggregate level. Consequently, we advocate a paradigm shift from internal convergencetoward external linkage as the prime criterion of validity.
Scholarly Publishing and Research Methods Across Disciplines is a collection of innovative findings on the methods and applications of research in scholarly publishing, ranging from the analyzation of mixed methods and qualitative/quantitative research, to Dewey’s scientific method and more. Highlighting a range of topics including higher education, digital divide, and model development, this publication applies a cross-disciplinary viewpoint that will appeal to researchers, graduate students, academicians, librarians, scholars, and industry-leading experts around the globe seeking an understanding of the limitations and strengths in research techniques.
This article examines critical discourse analysis usage for political investigations. Special survey of literature, schedules and articles brings out strong methodological deficiency. Some argumentation on issues, means and limits of critical discourse analysis emphasize its prospects for political science development.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.