Алвин Боярски и его система: к вопросу об эволюции педагогической программы в Лондонской Архитектурной ассоциации в 1960-1970-е годы
Architectural Association in London was founded in 1847 by a group of young architects who tried to change the tradition of architectural education in the UK. One of the most exciting pages of it’s history deals with the period of 1960-1980-s, when Alvyn Boyarsky has become AA’ director and the school becomes a real experimental field of the post-reconstruction generation, bringing up today’s world architecture leaders. Architects graduated from the Association have become the true heroes of contemporary architecture. Their practice may appear to be very different, but they are all representatives of one school and, in some general way, one generation. The list of names, connected with AA is unbelievably representative: Ron Arad, Ben van Berkel, David Chipperfield, Nigel Coates, Peter Cook, Mark Fisher, Zaha Hadid, David Green, Nicholas Grimshaw, Steven Holl, Rem Koolhaas, Leon Krier, Daniel Libeskind, Richard Rogers, Patrik Schumacher, Bernard Tschumi, Elia Zenghelis. The new generation was inspirited with a special artistic sensibility to the historical urbancontext, architectural genealogy and the complexity of human everyday life in general. The number of questions raised up during that period is still related to the most urgent problems of contemporary urban development. The article is a study of AA’ educational methods and programs, focusing on the main research themes, best diploma studies, additional activities. Education for Boyarski was a way to create an environment for experimentation and critical thinkng, so he supported any student undertaking - from costumed carnivals and elephant riding to music records and student magazines. This was the reform carried out by Boyarski: he completely changed the structure of the studing process by proposing the "unit system" as the base model (which he himself called the "well-laid table"). The essay is devoted to the history of the London Architectural Association of the 1960s-1980s, the urban problems faced by the generation that succeeded the generation of the postwar Reconstruction, and the methods of teaching developed during these years under the leadership of Alvin Boyarski.