Опыт прочтения рассказа Н. С. Лескова "Чертогон": совсем жисти нет...
The article presents a structural-semantic analysis of a N. Leskov’s story “The Devil-Chase” (“Chertogon”) in order to establish some particularly meaningful elements of the text and show how they direct and determine the understanding. In particular, there are some utterances, a narrative perspective, a narrative program, as well as some multiple variable focalizations, which show a narrative subject in focus of different points of view. As for a narrative organization, the told story is enclosed between two reflected sentences: (1) “there is absolutely no life” and (2) “...he feels life again” with a key link episode, such a devil-chase (‘chertogon’), as a condition for transformation of ‘non-life’ in ‘life’ in the time interval to ‒ to +1. In a narrative perspective, the so called rite, described in the story, includes some several episodes (sub-frames), such a riotous night in a restaurant, ablution in baths and praying before the icon of Virgin of All-Waving (“Vsepetaya”), connected by a causal implication A → B → C. So ‘fall’ is necessary implicated by ‘ascension’, as being concerned in a mutter and condition, behind only a basic opinion, what the narrative subject believes, as a ground and a “good popular faith” as guarantee for truth.
Article contains analysis of the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights on freedom of expression, in which the Court had to balance public interest against the protection of commercial structures from unfair competition or injury to their business reputation.
An IT security vulnerability can be considered as an inherent weakness in a target system that could be exploited by a threat source. The underlying hypothesis in our proposal is that each identified attribute associated with the target entity to be controlled should show the highest quality satisfaction level as an elementary indicator. The higher the quality indicator value achieved per each attribute, the lower the vulnerability indicator value and therefore the potential impact from the risk standpoint. In the present work, we discuss the added value of supporting the IT security and risk assessment areas with measurement and evaluation (M&E) methods and strategy, which are based on metrics and indicators. Also we illustrate excerpts of an M&E case study for characteristics and attributes of Security, and their potential risk assessment.
The paper treats the issue of identity of the ego, which constitutes the central problem of personology. The skeptical approach to this problem, which sees it as not being subject to be resolved by means of science, began with D. Hume's work. Contemporary personologists (P. Ricoeur and others) approach this problem through study of culture, which imparts the ego with «narrative identity». Cultural historic psychology is a «Bridge of interpretations», upon which philosophy of culture meets psychology, and psychological data associated with «personality» are interpreted on the basis of some specific cultural philosophic theory. The «conflict of interpretations» plays and essential role in personology, which participates in the processes of emergence and overcoming of the cultural crisis. Philosophical and methodological problems that define the near term perspective development of personology are formulated: whether there are any «ego invariants» that remain regardless of any possible cultural determination; whether the ego possesses any rigidity in relation to cultural determination and, if it does, what is the nature of this rigidity; whether ego identity is destroyed when cultural determination diminishes or ceases, etc.
In the book the issues of translation and interpretation are discussed by the worldwide leading scholars involved into translation.
This article traces the transformation of a genre of the review, traditional for the Russian journalism. This article offers the description of the speech structure of the review, based on the semantic category of an evaluation. The contemporary review occurrs not within a discourse of culture anymore, but also as a part of political or marketing communication within media environment.
For the first time in the national historical science a comprehensive analysis of modern Japanese historiography problems of territorial delimitation between Russia and Japan was made, which is extremely important in terms of understanding the ways and results of development of bilateral relations in the near and medium term. The book highlighted the direction of the Japanese historiography of territorial demarcation, given their characteristics and evaluation; the author carries out a comparative analysis of approaches to the assessment of Japanese historians documented legal aspects of Soviet-Japanese territorial demarcation. This exact book will be of practical and scientific interest for a wide range of political scientists, orientalists, historians, students and general public.
Max Weber. Basic concepts of sociology. Unabridged translation.
The IV International Scientific Conference, “Communication Trends in the Post-literacy Era: Multilingualism, Multimodality, Multiculturalism” was held at the Ural Institute of Humanities of UrFU on November 8–9, 2019. The conference was organized by the research group “Multilingualism in the Post-literacy Era,” the Confucius Institute in UrFU, the Cambridge Center in UrFU, and the Ural State Pedagogical University. The conference brought together scientists from different countries, such as Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia, Kazakhstan, China, and Russia, to discuss the problems relating to communication in different languages, texts, and media of different generations in a super-diverse culture.
Currently, the main source for the reconstruction of the most ancient history of humankind is archeology, which almost by definition makes it possible to restore only just a few elements of the most ancient human culture (naturally, almost exclusively – material culture). A mere introduction of comparative linguistic data makes it possible to significantly refine our reconstruction of a respective culture. If a certain linguistic Urheimat may be localized in space and in time within the area and lifespan of a certain archaeological culture, this suggests that we may have an idea of the language spoken by respective population, as the application of comparative linguistic methods allows us to reconstruct the vocabulary of the carriers of the respective protolanguage, that makes it possible to identify a set of terms denoting the realities of family organization, political attitudes, beliefs, etc. A very important part of the reconstructed vocabulary is constituted by the kinship terminology. As is well known (and as is demonstrated in this article again), the kinship terminology displays rather strong correlations with respective types of kinship organization, which could allow to reconstruct important features of clan and family structure of the respective populations. This reconstruction can be further verified by using archaeological and genetic data. It is demonstrated that the papers presented at the International Workshop ‘Murdock and Goody Re-visited: (Pre)history and evolution of Eurasian and African family systems’ that was organized in April 2015 by the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology suggest that we are close to having all the necessary ingredients to undertake such a program of a deep historical reconstruction.
During the Cold War, official Soviet institutions organized tens of exhibitions of an American figurative artist Rockwell Kent. These exhibitions, undertaken bypassing the official United States, demonstrate that promotion of Kent in the USSR was an exclusively Soviet enterprise. Examining the role of Soviet institutions in Kent’s success, the article sheds new light on the Soviet approach to the representation of American visual art during the Cold War.
Basing on unique findings from American and Russian archives, the article provides a comprehensive analysis of political and aesthetical factors, which predetermined Kent’s incredible popularity in the Soviet Union. Contextualizing the Soviet representation of Kent within relevant Cold War contexts, the article argues that Kent occupied a specific symbolic position in Soviet culture, as Soviet propaganda re-conceptualized the artist’s biography and established the Myth of Rockwell Kent. This myth served for legitimization of Soviet ideology and for anti-American propaganda.
In this article, secrecy – the practice, infrastructure, and ideology of responsibly concealing
information – is described using the empirical example of nuclear laboratories subordinated to the
Soviet atomic agency. The author pays special attention to organizational infrastructures of secrecy
and material deformations of secret research. On the basis of published documents, nuclear
memoirs, in-depth interviews from the collection of the Obninsk project and a unique declassified
archive, the author demonstrates how between the mid-1940s and the beginning of the 1970s the
concern for hiding nuclear knowledge and technology was both embedded in research practices and
deformed them. The laboratory is considered as the main unit of research activity in the Soviet
atomic project; the early stage of the implementation of large-scale nuclear programs associated
with the concentration of scientific forces, resources, secrecy, and development of a specific style of
Big Soviet science is identified as a “lab age”. Secrecy in its becoming emergence and its archive are
described via the case of Moscow–Obninsk radiochemists. Secret laboratory life is curated depictedin
the text as an assemblage of secret matter, spaces of regime economy, espionage bodies and
additional inscription devices in action. The laboratory routines, the author suggests, changed the
methods of producing scientific facts, transmuted physicists into secret physicists, and helped shape
the patterns of the Soviet culture of secrecy.