Fuzzy Logic Approach in the Modeling of Sustainable Tourism Development Management
The paper proposes an economic and mathematics models of sustainable tourism development strategic management based on application of fuzzy algebra mathematical apparatus. The conducted research is built, starting from the formulation of strategic management of sustainable tourism development concept and ending with the creation of economic and mathematics models of decision support. A mathematical model that supports decision making in the evaluation of sustainable development of tourist and recreational areas was developed based on the use of mathematical apparatus of fuzzy inference. The model is built in Fuzzy Logic Toolbox environment of MATLAB and allows selecting strategic reference points for sustainable tourism development with the combination of the results of economic benefits with environmental and social indicators.
Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research is a compilation of the conference proceedings and the top papers presented each year at the Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC). BCERC is widely considered the premier research conference on entrepreneurship and the work truly exemplifies new frontiers in the discipline of entrepreneurship. Full text papers are peer reviewed; summaries, poster sessions and interactive papers are not.
Hospitality and tourism are a rapidly growing global industry. In the past few decades, the hospitality and tourism (hereinafter H&T) industry has made a significant contribution to the global economy. Currently, the H&T direct contribution to the World GDP accounts for 3,1% (WTTC), and direct contribution to employment accounts for 3,5% . The annual number of international tourists is about 1.2 billion (Worldbank). The Russian H&T industry also demonstrates a rapid pace of development, which is accompanied by an increase in competition between the industry players. Competiveness of companies operating in various sectors including the H&T can be improved through management by values (MBV), which supplements or replaces the management by instructions (MBI) and management by objectives (MBO) (Dolan, & Garcia, 2002). The role of values in MBV is to regulate the employees’ conduct, in order to achieve the company's goals. The results of studies which examined the relationship between employees’ personal values, their perception of organizational values and the organization's performance, indicated that the convergence of an employees’ personal values and the organization’s values, is beneficial both for the employee and for the organization (Hoffman, & Woehr, 2006). According to Dolan et. al (2006), values implicitly and explicitly direct the behavior of employees at all levels. The formation of organizational culture with shared values is aimed at "humanizing" a strategic vision, to ensure the survival and development of the organization in order to eventually maximize its profits and satisfy the interests of all stakeholders (Dolan, Garcia, & Richley, 2006). It has been maintained that human resource management is a key success factor in an H&T organization (Baum, 2007; Okumus, 2004). Most research, which examines values as an element of human resource management in the H&T industry, tends to be focused on hotels and restaurants, rather than travel companies. The Russian H&T industry and the internal processes within individual companies remain a new and relatively understudied area of research, and research focused on understanding the values of travel companies which operate in Russia has hardly ever been conducted. It is this gap that this paper intends to attempt to fill. This paper highlights the results of studying the value profiles of a Russian tour operator and its employees, which was conducted in the winter-spring of 2014.
The chapter discusses the possibilities and limitations of different policy measures aimed at promoting behavior change at a large-group scale.
This is a primer on multi-regional input-output (MRIO) analysis. Like The Sustainability Practitioner’s Guide to Input-Output Analysis it is written in non-technical language specifically for the non-expert sustainability practitioner. This work has been written by the world’s leading experts on MRIO. It provides descriptions of seven major MRIO tools as well as case studies illustrating their application. It includes chapters on the role of MRIO analysis in global governance showing how the power and elegance of MRIO can bring new dimensions to policy making.
A sustainability perspective is a practical today's goal for collaboration of state, business and society. The special role within this triad belongs to business companies, which integrate the sustainability principles into their strategies to improve organizational processes and long-term growth. Quality management system (QMS) is an important tool to ensure sustainability through business performance. According to the International standard organization survey of QMS, more than 1 million certifications issued in 178 countries by 2010. The position according to which corporate management of sustainability by the help of QMS, which corresponds to international standard ISO 9000 is presented in the paper. The aim of the paper is to examine the factors, which affect organizational decision of the companies in the emerging countries to implement QMS ISO 9000. The impact of internal and external factors which influence managerial decision of QMS implementation is analyzed in the paper. Specifically, the similarities and differences between the motivations of companies from the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), new members of the EU countries and countries of the Southern Europe (which aren’t the members of the EU) within the implementation of the QMS ISO 9000, are discussed. The empirical cross-country analysis is based on 2002–2009 data from the Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS), conducted by the World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the data. The study identifies the role of economic development and institutional environment in the QMS ISO 9000 implementation. There are highlighted three “portraits” of companies, which implemented QMS: (a) from the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries; (b) from the new EU members countries; (c) from the Southern Europe countries, which aren’t the members of the EU. The results show that QMS ISO 9000 implementation leads to increase of competitive ability and investment attractiveness of the company, to improvement of product quality and stakeholders communications, to human resources development. These business processes improvements, as a QMS implementation result, can potentially activate the company’s sustainable effects and then - national and global sustainability transformations.
In the article process maturity model selection as an effective tool for diagnosing vulnerability of logistics processes, the characteristic of the process maturity concept and a typology of maturity models used in logistics and supply chain management. Just describe the main stages of development maturity model of logistic processes, the proposed method is demonstrated by the development of maturity model to assess vulnerability of domestic construction companies regarding logistics risks.
Peculiarities of making of managerial decisions in modern business systems, predetermined by observation of the basic principles, are shown: constant monitoring of external environment for determining new possibilities and actual problems and determining the need for managerial decisions; founding on materials of marketing research, conduct of marketing communications for informing and supporting loyalty of interested parties in the process of implementation of decisions; and striving for increasing or at least preserving the uniqueness and effectiveness of business system during decision making (criterion of optimality of decisions).
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.