The Population-Selection Model of Organization Development and the Scope of its Application
The article is devoted to underlying causes and conditions and the content of the
theoretical model of organizational development, which is either a “population-selection version of
organizational ecology” or “a population-selection model of development.” The model was created
by sociologists within the framework of the organization theory. The presentation of a nontrivial explanatory
scheme of the process of organizational development, its prognostic opportunities, scope
and mechanisms that support the development process are the focus of this article. The authors
explain the origin of the model by the crisis of systemic representations in the organizational theory
and the rejection of these representations. They also discuss problems that stimulated the emergence
of this approach, as well as the prospects for its application in management and beyond.
The chapter is devoted to the analysis of industrial development in Russia since 2005. Characteristic features of the Russian industry are considered. It is shown that Russian industry is specific both by its structure and high heterogeneity. The mining and quarrying sector and related manufacturing industries play a significant role in the Russian economy and major role in industrial production. In the foreseeable future, these sectors can strengthen their leading positions.
Considerable attention is paid to the analysis of industrial policy of the Russian government, which has traditionally been one of the leading actors of industrial development. The main directions of industrial policy are singled out: compensation of negative changes, catching-up, and advance development. It is noted that the role of government is ambivalent: on the one hand, it seeks to develop high-performing companies, including new and fast-growing ones, on the other hand, it often supports large, low-performing enterprises. With the declared continuously emphasis of industrial policy on innovation and modernization, low innovativeness of Russian companies remains. Based on the analysis of modern conditions, as well as new objects and instruments of industrial policy, some prospects for future industrial development have been revealed.
There is shown the importance of the society scientific enrichment, enlightenment with the anthropological and environmental knowledge, of education and training, to cultivate the feelings of unity, nobleness, justice and equity, ethics and aesthetics, life base common for everyone, including the one of religious view, in the article. Also there are examined some cases, when the scientific, educational or religious activity is accompanied by the dependent condition, which means exploitation, in the work. The author scrutinizes the issues of freedom from such exploitation infringement counteraction, including the criminal law measures.
The purpose of the proceedings is to improve the relationship between climate and environment changes and human activities with specific focus on water related matters. The main themes of the proceedings are:Climate and Hydrology, Water, Environment and Human Activities, Water Related Risks, Integrated Water Resources Management, Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology, Computing and Technologies in Water sector
In article, it is noticed that the situation which has developed in Russia brightly illustrates interdependence of system manufacture - a society - environment. Infringement of one of components conducts to infringement of functioning of all system. At the moment there are some positions of principle concerning decision-making on maintenance of quality of environment.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The goal of this study is to examine the performance of the Russian economy during the 2000’s. The authors study sources of economic growth during the period applying growth accounting framework and discussing standard assumptions and statistical problems. The relatively intensive growth of the Russian economy was accompanied by a very slow decline of inflation rates. The Chapter discusses the specific features of the recent consumer price rise and considers several manifestations of inflation persistence during the last decade.
The world provides us a lot of opportunities. One of the main challenges for an organization is being safe with its focus on strategic goals and transferring them into results. Organizational project management (OPM) is already for a long time not just a tool or a method but a whole concept to model company’s activity. OPM is a systematic approach aimed at achieving strategic goals. The extent to which an organization uses OPM refers to OPM maturity. The study focuses on maturity models examination and provides a new model for projectized organizations. The results of this research can be used to assess and develop maturity in projectized organizations. The structure of the paper is as follows: a review on the evolution and general types of MM; an OPM model presentation the results of its testing in a real company; and finally the general recommendations on MM application.
This special publication for the 2012 New Delhi Summit is a collection of articles by government officials from BRICS countries, representatives of international organizations, businessmen and leading researchers.
The list of Russian contributors includes Sergei Lavrov, Foreign Minister of Russia, Maxim Medvedkov, Director of the Trade Negotiations Department of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Vladimir Dmitriev, Vnesheconombank Chairman, Alexander Bedritsky, advisor to the Russian President, VadimLukov, Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Foreign Affairs Ministry, and representatives of the academic community.
The publication also features articles by the President of Kazakhstan NursultanNazarbayev and internationally respected economist Jim O’Neil, who coined the term “BRIC”. In his article Jim O’Neil speculates about the future of the BRICS countries and the institution as a whole.
The publication addresses important issues of the global agenda, the priorities of BRICS and the Indian Presidency, the policies and competitive advantages of the participants, as well as BRICS institutionalization, enhancing efficiency and accountability of the forum.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.