Heroes or Perpetrators? How Soviet Collaborators Received Red Army Medals
This article focuses on an analysis of the culture of memory that has developed in contemporary Russia. At the center of the research are the biographies of former collaborators who took part in Nazi crimes and then, after the liberation of Soviet- occupied territories, were mobilized into the Red Army and sub- sequently performed exploits honored by awards. Information that these men were arrested by the NKVD after the war can be found in their personal files, which are not accessible to the broad public. Instead, the fact of their awards and a brief description of their exploits can be found on the site ‘Podvig Naroda’ [Exploits of the People], which has open access. The state memory policy in contemporary Russia, as in the Soviet era, is aimed at emphasiz- ing the heroism of Red Army soldiers; their criminal activities remain in the shadow of the medals they received.
In this study, we aim to discover Russian “centers of excellence” and explore patterns of their collaboration with each other and with foreign partners. Highly cited papers serve as a proxy for “excellence” and co-authored papers as a measure of collaborative efforts. We find that at the moment research institutes (of the Russian Academy of Sciences as well as others) remain the key players, in spite of recent government initiatives to stimulate university science. The contribution of commercial sector to high-impact research is negligible. More than 90% of Russian highly cited papers involve international collaboration, Russian institutions often not playing a dominant role there. Patterns of national (“intra-national”) collaboration differ significantly across different types of organizations, the strongest ties are between three nuclear/particle physics centers. We draw a co-authorship map to visualize collaboration between Russian centers of excellence.
The article deals with the concept of the development of society as an innovative. The author puts forward the assumption of the formation of discursive anthropocentric economy, new predictive models of innovative communication.
In the article the analysis of the current innovative discourse is given. The author researches the paradigms of innovative PR, media (new models, subjects, objects, etc.) and gives new concepts of researches and define a new paradigm of PR and media as collaborative ones. As a result, the author comes to the conclusion that the ontological status of professional communication in the innovation society changes.
History of Soviet Jews in World War II: Histories; Representation, Documentation, and Interpretation.
We create collaborative environment for collaborative creation, improvement and promoting bills within public and legislative projects. Enacting a new law means that a community devises out new rules which help it to become more efficient. Below are the principles on which legislative collaboration is based: Public construction of a document aiming at complex cloud issues has high educational value. The practice helps not only produce a quality document and build a community of people interested in its implementation, but promote the innovative document, maintain a new level of its understanding and perception by the society. 518 Collaborative document creation and voting has a priority over document deliberation. Our technology allows collaboration participants to create their own text versions, that could be voted for by other participants. The value of deliberation is less than the value of collaboration. Contemporary collaboration does not always need discussions. Discussion can take so much time and efforts that participants do not have resources to collaborate. The process of selecting text segments is based on the participants' voting. All the votes should be counted but the weight of each vote depends on the participant's impact and the estimation of this impact by the community. The more is the participant's impact and its estimation, the more is the participant's vote weight.
A continues microelectronics education system has been developed at MIEM. The approach provides all microelectronic products design stages learning and is based on close software/hardware relations and wide collaboration with industry enterprises during education process. The microelectronic products design stages studied inside the microelectronics educational program are considered.
Relying on archives and other little known documents the author analyzes the problems in arranging the ration tickets supplies for various strata of population during World War II and shows the food rationing specifi cs as a part of the social policy of a nation at war.