Кадровая политика общего образования города Москвы в условия реформирования: первые результаты
The article analyzes the changes in the management style of decision-making in Moscow
schools during the period of dynamic transformations in the education system of the city.
Using the methodology of A. Row, the article compares the profiles of management decisionmaking
styles by school management teams of 2014 and 2017. A number of managers whouse a preferred conceptual style of decision-making during this period has increased 4.7 times.
Comparison of the characteristic actions of the participants of the management team, taking into
account the dominance and combination of various functions, suggests a relationship between
the style of management decision-making and the management style of each of the participants
of the management team. Based on the work of I. Adizes, the authors believe that the management
team of an educational organization is efficient and effective both in the short and long
term if it is built on complementary managerial functions and styles of managerial decisionmaking,
taking into account the stage of development of the organization. In management teams
of educational organizations that have made the maximum „jump” in the ranking, an analytical
decision-making style prevails among those surveyed according to the A. Roe methodology. Using
rating criteria as benchmarks for school success, such management teams effectively solve the
task of moving to higher positions.
This article conducts a study of multiplying the credit rating agencies efforts. These opportunities are practically important in connection with implementation of the IRB approach. The author considers Russian commercial banks as one of the main examples of using proposal methods, so in addition to literature overview the paper includes review of the Russian banking system and rating activities.
Firstly, the author discussed the rating scales mapping for comparison of rating estimations of different agencies. Then, he proposed the distance method with the connected extremum problem to find compatible mapping functions for rating scale correspondence.
Secondly, the paper considered the possibility of rating model system creation for financial institutions. The bank rating models in order logit interpretation are discussed simultaneously for resident (Russian) and non-resident institutions. In addition, the specification of bank models’ characteristics and their quality were considered for the three largest international rating agencies also as econometrical models for corporates and sovereign were presented.
The results reviewed can help to apply basic instruments for practical applications of such models to the risk management problems, which are based on the public information and remote estimation of ratings. Commercial banks and government financial regulators may be perspective consumers of the proposed methods.
This article discusses ways to stimulate students' motivation to participate in extracurricular activities. The author points out the following forms of extra-curricular activities: administrative, informative and entertaining. The author proposes the scale of assessment of students for participation in extracurricular activities. These forms should be taken into account in the rating system of the student's academic achievement
The work is devoted to the problems of ranking of debtors in the conditions of the economic crisis. A methodology for determining the rating of debtors of the enterprise is developed. The methodology is based on the priority method, in which a pairwise comparison of the factors affecting the evaluation of debtors and a pair comparison of debtors for each factor are carried out. The results of approbation of the method are presented and recommendations on its use are formulated.
In the process of developing an information system for logistics transportation, there is a need to determine the initial rating of the new carrier within the parent company. The presence of the rating helps to more accurately carry out the formation of orders and build forecasts of its interaction with the parent company in the future
The up-to-date problem of improvement of the quality of higher equation is discussed in the present article. Results of the world rating of the higher-educational institutions for 2011 and 2012 as well as its Russian positions are given by the QS research agency. «Strategy-2020» is being discussed (paragraph 10. Professional education). The author of the article shares with her experience in arrangement of original student work in the form of on-line study. The article deals with the thesis «High-quality education today is deserving life in the future».
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
Society and television in today's Russia are in a state of protracted conflict. This ever-deeping conflict is of ethical nature. So, if the channels continue their policies of pursuit of superprofits, do nt change their tactics and strategies and ignore the demands of the televiewers institutional changes lie in store for this country introducing stricter advertising laws and new forms of social control.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
The Working Paper examines the peculiarities of the Russian model of corporate governance and control in the banking sector. The study relies upon theoretical as well as applied research of corporate governance in Russian commercial banks featuring different forms of ownership. We focus on real interests of all stakeholders, namely bank and stock market regulators, bank owners, investors, top managers and other insiders. The Anglo-American concept of corporate governance, based on agency theory and implying outside investors’ control over banks through stock market, is found to bear limited relevance. We suggest some ways of overcoming the gap between formal institutions of governance and the real life.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.