Правовое регулирование операций с криптовалютами: проблемы и перспективы
The paper is devoted to the legal aspects of the use of cryptocurrencies in trade turnover.
Cryptocurrency is considered in the paper as a means of exchange and one of the types of
tokens, digital signs, mediating the process of conclusion and execution of transactions.
This approach allows us to apply the norms of civil law to the emerging legal relations
concerning cryptocurrencies, despite the need to adopt a special regulatory, legal act on
the legalization of cryptocurrencies.
The analysis of possible changes in the regulatory framework of cryptocurrency
regulation in Russia and Eurasian Economic Union countries based on foreign experiences
and practices of cryptocurrency legalization in the Republic of Belarus are considered.
The author concludes that the Belarusian model of legal regulation is aimed at maximum
liberalization of the regime of operations with cryptocurrencies within the particular
jurisdiction of the Hi-Tech Park. The legal status of a resident of the Hi-Tech Park allows
legal transactions using cryptocurrencies without the application of national legislation in
the field of financial operations, banking, currency control and other areas of state control.