Роль дружеских социальных связей в адаптации выпускников вузов на рынке труда
The article considers results of the investigation of the role of friendly social ties of students and graduates from higher educational establishments in their job placement and adaptation on the labor market on the basis of data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS-HSE N = 988, 2012-2016). Employment based on social ties seems to be a common practice among students and graduates. More than 40 percent of respondents have found their jobs using friendly ties. This is way of finding job is more common for men than for women, and the frequency of using friendly ties increases with their getting older. Job placement through friends and acquaintances is more prevalent in urban areas and in economy branches connected with commercial activities. Employment by friendly social ties has no impact on objective indicators of the position of the employed on the labor market: wages and working conditions (official employment, workweek, etc.). However, the results of this study show that respondents who have got job through friendly social ties feel less satisfied with their job, working conditions and career opportunities. The author stresses that many young professionals are concerned about the possibility of losing their job. Over half of the respondents are not sure that they will retain their jobs in the future. And employees who have got their jobs through social ties are more afraid of losing their job. So, job placement based on social ties negatively affects subjective indicators of graduates’ adaptation on the labor market.
Materials was published based on the results of the VI International Scientific and Practical Conference “Sustainable Development: Society and Economics”, held as part of the International Labor Forum - 2019, organized by the Government of St. Petersburg and St. Petersburg State University on February 28 - March 01, 2019. The collection of materials is intended for students, bachelors, undergraduates, graduate students and teachers of economic specialties of universities, scientific and practical workers.
The objective of this book is to develop the sustainable and lasting skills of translator's competence and to build up translation categorial strategy.
Active vocabulary for business English students based on the business coursebook "Market Leader". The focus is on the development and mastering of business English active vocabulary for the Business Studies.
Relation between the informal employment and job satisfaction is investigated in the paper. Informal employment takes rather big place in Russian economy, what makes research of the mechanism of the informal sector of the labor market functioning very relevant. Ordered choice models with sample selection correction were estimated on the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of HSE (RLMS-HSE) data. The key result of the paper is that subjective well-being is not determined by employment status itself, crucial is conditions of choice. Individuals, who came to the informal sector because of their own choice, treat their job as well as workers' with the registered employment. So, they have no incentives for seeking to formalize their status, which could mean further growth of the informal sector.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.