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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 33
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Article
Прокофьева Л. М., Корчагина И. И., Попова Р. И. Народонаселение. 2014. № 4. С. 61-81.
The article considers the potential of subjective assessment of poverty that may be used in evaluation of the social tension level and the efficiency of the State economic policy for overcoming poverty. Application of new approaches to studying 149 Summary НАРОДОНАСЕЛЕНИЕ № 4 – 2014 social vulnerability requires more refined tools of data collection including, in particular, in-depth interviews with members of the main groups at risk of poverty and social isolation. The data collected in the course of studies furthers a broader interpretation of the socio-economic phenomenon of poverty and substantiation of the statement about insufficiency of the official methods of measuring poverty by income levels and necessity of «subjective» poverty assessment connected with individual’s feeling of being in the state of poverty, social vulnerability, social isolation. The article pays a special attention to considering respondents’ opinions of poverty, its specific features, and to finding out its causes. The respondents’ opinions are concerning their perception of poverty and wealth, attitude of people (or families) to the poor, living conditions, lack or shortage of income, consumer goods and services, as well as the effect of the shortage. The presented data, conclusions and recommendations are based on in-depth interviews of the representatives of different socio-demographic groups of Rostov oblast (the case of Rostov-on-Don).
Added: Oct 22, 2015
Article
Базилева И. И. Народонаселение. 2016. № 2. С. 61-75.

The article offers the analyses of communication maturity evaluation of the companies operating in Kaluga region. The evaluation was performed by company survey and expert interviews based on the Communication Maturity Model developed by the author. The model determines the level of development of the key communication factors driving labor efficiency and adaptability to market changes. The use of the Communication Maturity Model allows companies to have its communication environment assessed and to develop precise recommendations on how to improve human capital effectiveness. The article analyses typical regional maturity models for different economic sectors as well as maturity level of every component based on the practice of the surveyed regional companies. 

Added: Feb 10, 2017
Article
Рязанцев С. В., Письменная Е. Е., Храмова М. Н. Народонаселение. 2015. № 2. С. 64-73.

The present article gives estimation of the number of Russian-speaking communities abroad, as well as approximate assessment of the compatriots’ potential for migration to the Russian Federation from three main Central Asian countries — Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. The authors analyze some results of the implementation of the programme for resettlement of compatriots in the context of the current migration policy of the Russian Federation. They consider the regional specifics of the compatriots’ settlement in Russia, as well as the regional features of the implementation of the resettlement programme. They also identify the main factors ‘pushing’ compatriots out of the Central Asian countries and the ‘attracting’ factors in Russia.  

Added: Jul 1, 2016
Article
Пишняк А. И. Народонаселение. 2015. № 1. С. 69-81.

The article considers specifics of the economic activity of women in Moscow. It examines two groups of women – mothers raising children of different age and women in working age without children under 18. The analysis is based not only on the indicators of employment and unemployment, but also on the comparison of their professional skills and positions, working conditions, wish to have a job, need for vocational training, and other employment constraints. The empiric data from the study «Moscow and Muscovites» (2014) makes it possible to identify the services provided to population by employment agencies, which are primarily needed by the unemployed women with children, to answer the question: What is more important for them — assistance in job search or psychological adaptation to workplace, vocational training/retraining or assistance in starting own business?

Added: May 14, 2015
Article
Казенин К. И., Козлов В. А. Народонаселение. 2017. № 1. С. 46-58.

The article deals with fertility in the Republic of Dagestan, which markedly differs from the Russian average in fertility timing: the mean age of mother at the first childbirth in Dagestan is not rising and remains at a relatively low level. And there are significant differences between the ethnic groups in the republic that from the point of the demographic theory seems quite unexpected against the background of the ongoing modernization changes in the republic. Based on the analysis of the data from the AllRussian population census — 2010 and from the survey conducted by the authors in Dagestan, the article shows that the ethnic differences in the age of mothers at the first childbirth are remaining, even among women with high education level and younger age cohorts. Lack of neutralization of the ethnic differences by the character of childbearing in the educated groups of population is quite a rare phenomenon that needs a special explanation. Its possible social and cultural origins are the subject of discussion.

Added: May 24, 2017
Article
Митрофанова Е. С. Народонаселение. 2015. № 2. С. 87-100.

The article presents comparisons of the ages and facts of the occurrence of starting demographic events, based on the results from three big surveys carried out in Russia: ‘European Social Survey’ — 2006, ‘Generations and Gender Survey’ — 2004, 2007, 2011, and ‘Human, Family, Society’ — 2013. The research was devoted to inter-generation and gender differences in the start of sexual debut, first partnership, marriage, and a birth of the first child.

Analysis of the obtained data shows that the maximum number of starting demographic events takes place at the age under 35. In the average biography the first event is a start of sexual life, then follow matrimonial events, and the last event is a birth of the first child. The greatest gender and generational differences are observed in matrimonial behavior: the popularity of unregistered unions is much higher among the younger generations than among their predecessors, and their interest in marriage is much lower. Men enter into marriage and partnership about year or two later than women. In reproductive behavior, there are more gender differences than generational: men are more inclined to postpone a birth of a child. This is because women wish to give birth to the first child in the reproductively healthy age, and men prefer to postpone both getting the first child and entering the first marriage.

Added: Mar 23, 2015
Article
Русанова Н. Е., Исупова О. Г. Народонаселение. 2009. № 4 . С. 78-83.

The article considers assisted reproductive technologies (ART) as modern instruments of demographic policy in European countries with low fertility. A special consideration is given to programmes of 'in vitro fertilization' (IVF), which give childless couples an opportunity to have children and thus contribute to raising fertility rates. The cost of ART is significantly lower than that of other measures for raising fertility. Therefore, these technologies have good prospects as a constituent part of the demographic policy in Russia.

Added: Mar 3, 2010
Article
Андреев Е. М., Вишневский А. Г. Народонаселение. 2004. № 3. С. 75-84.

Length of life in Russia has been decreasing already for 40 years. According to the Programme of Action adopted by the Cairo International Conference on Population in 1994, all countries should commit themselves to raise life expectancy for both sexes above 70 by 2005. It is already clear, that by the year 2005 Russia will not even come near to this goal.At the best it will succeed in reaching the life expectancy recommended for the countries with the highest mortality - 65 years. Child mortality in Russia is declining but at a very low pace. But the case of adult mortality is even worse. High mortality rates result from an insufficient control over many, mainly exogenous causes of death. The general structure of the causes of death remains archaic in many respects. The authors are of the opinion, that demographic losses from high mortality are comparable to military losses. How can Russia get over the demographic crisis? The authors offer their answer to this complicated question.

Added: Apr 17, 2013
Article
Назарова И. Б. Народонаселение. 2012. № 3. С. 45-52.

This study shows the situation and dynamic of main quality of life (QOL) indicators. The Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS) data 1994-2010 were used (representative sample). Most of QOL indicators decreased in the default period (1998), but then there demonstrate positive dynamic till 2010. However, some individual and social groups’ characteristics were a fairly low level, especial for the older people. One-third of Russians are not satisfied with their lives in 2010, and people over 50 years more than any other. Representatives of any socio-demographic group in any years may be satisfied with life, while have good health, possibility of employment and job satisfaction, good financial situation, getting new impressions and a high level of social capital, which includes communication, understanding and support.

Added: Dec 17, 2012
Article
Овчинникова Ю. В. Народонаселение. 2010. № 1.
Added: Oct 26, 2010
Article
Ульянов В.В., Локосов В. В., Рюмина Е. В. Народонаселение. 2016. № 4. С. 68-76.
Added: Mar 12, 2017
Article
Корчагина И. И. Народонаселение. 2014. № 1. С. 68 -80.
Added: Oct 9, 2014
Article
Коленникова О., Рывкина Р. В. Народонаселение. 2010. № 1.
Added: Jun 30, 2010
Article
Прокофьева Л. М., Корчагина И. И., Попова Р. И. Народонаселение. 2015. № 1. С. 82-94.
Measuring poverty is a complex methodological problem. Monetary methods of poverty estimation have some shortcomings and cannot fix all details of underprovisioning that necessitates development of nonmonetary poverty measures through estimation of deprivations in the sphere of consumption. Poverty identified through deprivations fixes not only the current consumption level, but also the housing and property potential of households, as well as accessibility of social services. Impossibility of satisfying both the basic and extended list of daily needs of a modern man leads to his vulnerability and underprovisioning. The article presents analysis of poverty through the method of relative deprivations on the basis of a household survey carried out in Rostov oblast in 2013. The analysis results show that poverty in the modern sense means not only low living standards, but also a limited access of people to social and cultural goods, low educational and social capital. The most common deprivations among all types of households in Rostov oblast are limitations in the accessibility of health services and among families with children — deprivations in the sphere of education.
Added: Oct 22, 2015
Article
Назарова В. В., Борисенкова К. А. Народонаселение. 2017. № 4. С. 119-134.

The purpose of the article is to assess the effectiveness of Russian health care system on the basis of modern analysis tools, in particular, the effective frontier modeling (SFA –Stochastic Frontier Analysis). SFA is the dependence of the average life expectancy on the result of expenditure in health care, the average number of years of study and health risk factors as explanatory variables. Currently, there is a significant difference between Russian madical care system and health maintenance in developed countries. The method used assumes the modelling of a health production function that allows to assess how the irrational use of resources affects various health indicators by evaluating the parameters of the health production function. The result of the function is average life expectancy indicator, which represents a linear dependence of a set of explanatory variables. The results of the data collected from 11 countries for the period from 2000 to 2013 show the direct dependence between average life expectancy and income inequality measured by Ginny coefficient, and the reverse relationship between dependent variable and income per capita and the share of public expenditure on health in the total expenditure. In conclusion, based on the model recommendations for improving health care system in Russia have been developed. For example, the introduction of a system of population co-payment for a certain service liver; the creation of a unified system for the use of resources and management in the medical field; the development of public-private partnership in the health sector, the balance of financing medical expenses by the federal and regional budgets will contribute the effectiveness of the health care system.

Added: Oct 8, 2018
Article
Захаров С. В. Народонаселение. 2004. № 3 . С. 37-45.
Added: Jun 8, 2009
Article
Прокофьева Л. М., Рыбальченко С. И. Народонаселение. 2013. № 4. С. 18-28.

The article analyses the experience of social support of mothers and children in Russian

regions. Family policy in the regions is characterized by a variety of measures, approaches

and directions of activity. A special part is assigned to social assistance for families with

many children and to regional maternity capital which is enacted into law in 73 RF subjects

and is granted only to families with many children. And the range of its application is significantly

wider then provided for by the federal law, as this more corresponds with the needs of

those families.

Added: Oct 21, 2014
Article
Чурилова Е. В. Народонаселение. 2018. Т. 21. № 1. С. 70-83.

Based on the harmonized data of the first wave of "Generations and Gender Survey" the comparative analysis of childbearing out of marriage and partner union in Estonia, Russia and France was carried out. Two hypotheses have been formulated. The first one suggests that probability of first childbirth outside union among Russian and Estonian women is equal in generations whose first reproductive events were during the common Soviet period. The second one applies to similarity of women’s behavior concerning the first birth outside union among Estonians and French women after 1991. The obtained results have shown that in the generations of women born in the 1950s-1960s in the three countries under consideration there were no significant distinctions in risks of out-of-union first birth. However, the analysis shows that Estonians from generations of the 1930s and 1940s had significantly less chance of having a child out of union, particularly in young ages under 20 years, than French and Russian women in the same cohorts. But the chance of women born during the 1970s to give birth to a child out of union in Estonia and in Russia is much higher, then in France. The observed increase of out-of-union births among Estonian women could be due to the big flow of Russians in the 1940s-1959s, and the significant differences in contraceptive practices between native Estonian and migrant Russian women in Estonia.

Added: Jan 31, 2017
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