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Regular version of the site

Article

Coherent phonons in a Bi2Se3 film generated by an intense single-cycle THz pulse

Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 2018. Vol. 97. No. 21. P. 214304-1-214304-10.
Boldyrev K., Мельников А., Селиванов Ю., Мартовитский В., Чекалин С., Рябов Е.

We report an observation of coherent phonons of E-g(1), E-u(1), A(1g)(1), and E-g(2) symmetry generated in a single-crystal film of Bi2Se3 by an intense single-cycle THz pulse. The atomic vibrations reveal themselves through periodic modulation of the refractive index of the film. The largest signal is detected at the frequency of 4.05 THz that corresponds to the E-g(2) mode. The generation of E-g(2) phonons is interpreted as resonant excitation of the Raman mode by the second harmonic of THz-driven nonlinear E-u(1) oscillator, the fundamental frequency of which (2.05 THz) is approximately half that of E-g(2). The origin of nonlinearity in this case is cubic lattice anharmonicity, while generation of E-g(1) (1.1 THz) and A(1g)(1) (2.25 THz) phonons is a manifestation of quartic anharmonicity enhanced by the occasional combination relations between phonon frequencies in Bi2Se3.