Эксперты и экспертиза в России: от «объективного прибора» к активному гражданину
The objective of paper is comparative analysis of four examples participation of expert communities in decision making processes of different kinds. In framework of traditional policy decisions and prognostics experts are understood as kind of ‗devises‘, which readings can be optimizing by deferent methodic, and politician – committer of expertize - interesting in public goods only. In the analysis of expertise in foreign affairs the different objectives for commitment of expertise are in focus of researches, as well as possibility of active position of experts. In framework of conception of humanitarian expertise active, civic position of experts is the main feature of experts. Finally, experts – members of methodological movement, followers of Georg Schedrovitskiy - are active include not in process of decision preparation only, but in implementation of joint created decisions.