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Article

Экспертное сообщество и власть: модели взаимодействия и проблемы гражданской ответственности

The main forms of interaction of the power institutes and the representatives of an expert community as well as conditions of civil responsibility are considered in the article. In the process of research fifteen expert semi-structured interview with respondents from Moscow and St. Petersburg, who have experience of activity in government structures and collaboration with international were performed during Spring 2017. Analysis of texts of interviews was made with using of Werner J. Patzelt category scheme of content analysis and program QDA Miner Light. According to criteria of expert’s affiliation to government or non-government organization (or absence of any affiliation) and distance from power’s centers six main expert categories was proposed. This groups of experts participates as in politics process – fight for winning and retention of power, as in policy process – preparation and implementation of policy decisions. Along with previously known models of interaction of experts and governmental structures – linear-autonomic model, model of virtuous reason, and a “model of the prepaid result” the fourth model was proposed. It is model of initiative expertise, where preparation of policy decisions take part without participation of governmental structures. It was shown, that necessary level of citizen responsibility of experts can be achieved owing to corporative ethics of expert community, and professional expert’s association can be support this process.