Optimization of on-chip photonic delay lines for telecom wavelengths
In this work, we experimentally studied optical delay lines on silicon nitride platform for telecomm wavelength (1550 nm). We modeled the group delay time and fabricated spiral optical delay lines with different waveguide widths and radii as well as measured their transmission. For the half etched rib waveguides we achieved the losses in the range of 3 dB/cm
The photoaquation of the (OsCl62-)-Cl-IV complex was studied by means of stationary photolysis, nanosecond laser flash photolysis and ultrafast kinetic spectroscopy. The (OsCl5)-Cl-IV(OH)(2-) complex was found to be the only reaction product. The quantum yield of photoaquation is rather low and wavelength-dependent. No impact of redox processes on photoaquation was revealed. The total characteristic lifetime of the process is about 80 ps. Three intermediates were recorded in the femto- and picosecond time domains and assigned to different Os(IV) species. The nature of intermediates and possible mechanisms of photoaquation are discussed.
The results of measurements of an electron density in a microwave plasma filament in dense gas (argon) are reported. The electron density has been determined on the basis of Stark broadening of lines detected in the absorption spectrum. A high-resolution spectrometer incorporating GaAlAs diode laser operating at 870 nm has been used to measure Stark broadening and shifts of the argon line. The electron density in the filament was found to increase from the initial level of 10 exp 12/cu cm to value n sub e greater than 10 exp 16/cu cm. The dependencies of the electron density on gas pressure and microwave power density are presented.
This book gathers a selection of invited and contributed lectures from the European Conference on Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications (ENUMATH) held in Lausanne, Switzerland, August 26-30, 2013. It provides an overview of recent developments in numerical analysis, computational mathematics and applications from leading experts in the field. New results on finite element methods, multiscale methods, numerical linear algebra and discretization techniques for fluid mechanics and optics are presented. As such, the book offers a valuable resource for a wide range of readers looking for a state-of-the-art overview of advanced techniques, algorithms and results in numerical mathematics and scientific computing.
The achievements of Jan Van Eyck coincides with Leon Battista Alberti’s writing of De Pictura (On Painting), a turning point in the history of art. The treatise applies the late medieval science of vision (optics) which Jan van Eyck equally appears acquainted with, but which he pursues in another direction than Alberti. This book contains papers dedicated to the interaction between Art and Science in Jan van Eyck’s Time. It is based on the conference, organized the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium in Brussels.
In Proceedings of the conference participants are presented on the following topics: 1) Lasers and Optics 2) Solid State Physics 3) Nuclear Physics 4) The generation and use of X-rays 5) Plasma Physics and particle beams 6) Astrophysics
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
By using superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry, we investigated anisotropic high-field (H less than or similar to 7T) low-temperature (10 K) magnetization response of inhomogeneous nanoisland FeNi films grown by rf sputtering deposition on Sitall (TiO2) glass substrates. In the grown FeNi films, the FeNi layer nominal thickness varied from 0.6 to 2.5 nm, across the percolation transition at the d(c) similar or equal to 1.8 nm. We discovered that, beyond conventional spin-magnetism of Fe21Ni79 permalloy, the extracted out-of-plane magnetization response of the nanoisland FeNi films is not saturated in the range of investigated magnetic fields and exhibits paramagnetic-like behavior. We found that the anomalous out-of-plane magnetization response exhibits an escalating slope with increase in the nominal film thickness from 0.6 to 1.1 nm, however, it decreases with further increase in the film thickness, and then practically vanishes on approaching the FeNi film percolation threshold. At the same time, the in-plane response demonstrates saturation behavior above 1.5-2T, competing with anomalously large diamagnetic-like response, which becomes pronounced at high magnetic fields. It is possible that the supported-metal interaction leads to the creation of a thin charge-transfer (CT) layer and a Schottky barrier at the FeNi film/Sitall (TiO2) interface. Then, in the system with nanoscale circular domains, the observed anomalous paramagnetic-like magnetization response can be associated with a large orbital moment of the localized electrons. In addition, the inhomogeneous nanoisland FeNi films can possess spontaneous ordering of toroidal moments, which can be either of orbital or spin origin. The system with toroidal inhomogeneity can lead to anomalously strong diamagnetic-like response. The observed magnetization response is determined by the interplay between the paramagnetic-and diamagnetic-like contributions.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.