Особенности повседневной жизни «социально-опасных детей» в послевоенное время
This paper considers the everyday life of children whose parents had been politically repressed. Mostly, the authors focus on materials from Perm region, relying on the methods and approaches of everyday history. The analysis is based on legislative regulations, archival documents, such as NKVD files, and memoirs, based on the oral accounts of witnesses. In this category, the authors focus on the ones that are both typical and emotional. The article considers the living conditions of the social group in question. The difficulties they faced were common for all Soviet people, however, their social status could exacerbate them. The authors refute the idea that during the postwar years, all children equally regarded the period as sombre, as much depended not only on the social status of the children in the local community but also on the political situation in the country. The authors single out obstacles the children whose parents had been repressed were facing, especially in the educational sphere. They describe the atmosphere of suspicion they lived in. Additionally, the authors pay attention to the children’s mental state, as their parents were deprived of their rights, and demonstrate that they experienced a constant lack of comfort, because society was prejudiced against them as “enemies of the people”.
The paper first presents an overview of historiographical political activity Honyen Park (1920-1953). Name a prominent patriot and revolutionary force in Park Honyen political affiliation divided Korea into oblivion. Park figure on the background of many famous fighters for the independence of Korea from Japanese domination worthy of attention because of its political activity is inextricably linked to the anti-Japanese struggle for the liberation of Korea. Member of the March First uprising Park Honyen one of the organizers and leaders of the Young Communist League of Korea, Secretary of the Communist Party of Korea. The main source base for writing this message served as documents of the Russian State Archive of Socio-Political History (RGASPI) Foreign Policy Archives of the Russian Federation (AVP RF), publications of the Russian and foreign researchers of Korean history, memories of Honyen Park Korean Studies Professor F. Shabshinoy (in manuscript), completed in 1993, as well as archive daughter Park Honen - Viviane.In the Russian Korean studies, special study of the life and political career of the prominent figure of 1920 - 1950-ies Park Honyen not yet carried out. Objective presentation of historical facts will fill the "white spots" in the history of the Korean Peninsula, as well as understanding of the origins of the Soviet-Korean relations.
The application of the evolutionary approach to the history of nature and society has remained one of the most effective ways to conceptualize and integrate our growing knowledge of the Universe, life, society and human thought. The present volume demonstrates this in a rather convincing way. This is the third issue of the Almanac series titled ‘Evolution’. The first volume came out with the sub-heading ‘Cosmic, Biological, and Social’, the second was entitled ‘Evolution: A Big History Perspective’. The present volume is subtitled Development within Big History, Evolutionary and World-System Paradigms. In addition to the straightforward evolutionary approach, it also reflects such adjacent approaches as Big History, the world-system analysis, as well as globalization paradigm and long wave theory. The volume includes a number of the exciting works in these fields.
The Almanac consists of five sections. The first section (Globalization as an Evolutionary Process: Yesterday and Today) contains articles demonstrating that the Evolutionary studies is capable of creating a common platform for the world-system approach, globalization studies, and the economic long-wave theory. The articles of the second section (Society, Energy, and Future) discuss the role of energy in the universal evolution, human history and the future of humankind. The third section (Aspects of Social Development) touches upon four aspects of social evolution – technological, environmental, cultural, and political. The fourth section (The Driving Forces and Patterns of Evolution) deals with various phases of megaevolution. There is also a final section which is devoted to discussions of contemporary evolutionism.
This Almanac will be useful both for those who study interdisciplinary macroproblems and for specialists working in focused directions, as well as for those who are interested in evolutionary issues of Cosmology, Biology, History, Anthropology, Economics and other areas of study. More than that, this edition will challenge and excite your vision of your own life and the new discoveries going on around us!
The article investigates the socialization families Korean revolutionaries (1920-1930). Stormy revolutionary life reduced importance of the family in society, social problems associated with the family dealt party bodies. For children Internationalist Communists built orphanages, where they were brought up, studied and prepared profession. Analysis of life Pak Viviana and her parents Park Honyena and Chu Sedyuk showed that dedicating his entire life to the struggle for the liberation of Korea, parents depend on external circumstances and the conditions of existence, not on their own have been alienated from their child. In one family, three different fates. Creative activities Park Viviana once again proves how the Korean people hardworking and talented.
The International Survey of Family Law is the annual review of the International Society of Family Law. It brings together reliable and clearly structured insights into the latest and most notable developments in family law from all around the globe.
The author appealed to the poorly developed in the Russian historiography of the topic of cooperation between the USSR and North Korea in the field of education in the 1946-1948 years. Long before the establishment of the DPRK in 1948 the state began to close cooperation of these countries was initiated in 1946. On the basis of archival materials SARF, RGASPI published works in the article attempts to trace the steps of co-operation in the field of education, preparation of experts in different fields of industry, culture and science. In 1946, several hundred students from North Korea and other socialist countries have been adopted in Soviet universities. The costs incurred by the Soviet Union to train foreign students, for one only year (1946-1947 academic year) reached very large amounts. Attention is paid to the goals and objectives conducted by the Soviet state policy toward North Korea formed a new government. Soviet Union provided international assistance, often free, to a great extent was detrimental to Soviet people. The study presented aspect is important in terms of a clear understanding of the policy of the two states, the formation of the main directions in the relations between the two countries at the moment, so organically linked with the past.
This article presents a historical-sociological analysis of dynamics of moral panic emergence in the Western and Russian society. On the secondary analysis ground of sociological research data 1980-2000s and their correlation with the historical facts it has been established that the focus of moral panic is around vulnerable groups: young people and children. Youth and children can be a subject as well as an object of moral panic, since they are either “victim” or “offender” in different contexts .The author explains this pattern from the point of view that the younger generation is taken as the “successor” of the current socially active group. Therefore, it causes the concern for the moral health of the society future“basis”.
Expressive social movements, which are getting more popular among young people, constitute a particular danger regarding the society future “basis”. Joining a certain subculture, the individual adopts its behaviour patterns and value system. Attracting more and more participants, this process becomes natural and widespread, it is seen by the society and the media as a moral decline, the total deformation of values and worldviews.
According to the results of the research, it has been concluded that moral panics produce ambivalent social changes. On the one hand, a control and sanctions are toughened, on the other hand, the archaic values and norms are eliminated and individuals are adapted to the contemporary social reality.
The purpose of the Mythologies of Capitalism and the End of the Soviet Project is to show that in order to understand popular disillusionment with democratization, liberalization, and other transformations associated with the attempts of non-Western societies to appropriate the ideas of Western modernity, one must consider how these ideas are mythologized in the course of such appropriations. Olga Baysha argues that the seeds of post-revolutionary frustration should be sought in pre-revolutionary discourses on democracy, liberalism, and other concepts of Western modernity that are produced outside local contexts and introduced through the channels of global communication and interpretations of politicians, activists, and experts
The late 1980s and early 1990s were characterized by the sudden rise of nationalist movements in almost all Soviet and Yugoslav ethnic regions. It is argued that the rise of political nationalism since the late 1980s can be explained by development of cultural nationalism in the previous decades, as an unintended outcome of communist nationalities policy. Soviet and Yugoslav political and cultural nationalism are studied in a historical and comparative perspective. All ethnic regions are examined throughout entire history of both communist states - the Soviet Union (49 regions, 1917-91) and Yugoslavia (8 regions, 1941-95), using the structural equation modeling approach. This paper aims to make at least three contributions in the field. Firstly, it is a methodological contribution for studying nationalism: a ‘quantification of history’ approach. Quantitative values are assigned to historical trends and events. Having constructed variables from historical data, I use conventional statistical methods like SEM. Secondly, this paper contributes to the theoretical debate about the role of cultural autonomy in multiethnic states. The results rethink the notion of ‘cultural autonomy’ as solution of interethnic conflict. Cultural nationalism matters, it indirectly reinforces political nationalism. In both cases concessions in the cultural domain has not stopped the growth of political nationalism in the late 1980-s. Finally, the paper statistically proves that the break between early Soviet and Stalinist nationalities policy explains the entire Soviet nationalities policy. In fact, the late Soviet nationalities policy was inherited from the Stalin’s rule period. This finding revealed in other studies now gets statistical evidence.