Влияние цифровизации на процессы организации и функционирования логистических систем
The results of the information technologies intensive development and implementation processes, recently defined as digitalization, were the basis of the significant changes in the domestic economy. At the same time, it is important to understand that digitalization process require an appropriate response in order to create an environment, which promote to development of strategically valuable economic sectors, include the industrial manufacturing. These circumstances determined the motivation of implementing at the state level such programs as the Digital Economy and the National Technological Initiative, that are aimed at creating conditions for the development of industry in the context of the digitalization.
Focusing on the logistics systems and industrial enterprise supply chains functioning processes, it is important to note, that new opportunities are opened due to development and implementation of information technologies in the economy digitalization context. These opportunities consist in the exchange of information between the individual production, logistics and auxiliary systems and their elements, as well as the products and the external environment, which in general will allow forming big data sets. Herewith, the result of processing the relevant data sets will form basis of the continuous improvement processes through self-organization and self-decision by the active system components.
At the initial stages of the study, a literature overview was done in the field of logistics system organizing within the contemporary concepts of industrial production development, including the Industry 4.0 concept. This has shown that on the one hand, there is a significant impact of digitalization processes on the organization and functioning of logistics system, but on the other hand, there is a lack of methodological developments in the area of these systems design.
For this reason, it is important to investigate the development of instruments for justification of logistics processes functioning characteristics within digitalization context. For this, a generalized structure of the digital logistics system was offered and the requirements for the functioning processes were determined. Taking into account a special aspects of this structure and functioning requirements, we offered to use simulation modeling tools in the organizational design problems. It is proposed to use traditional paradigms of simulation, which include discrete-event and agent-based modelling. On a separate note the possibility of applying the approach at the junction of these two paradigms, which implying the use of their main advantages: using the discrete-event modeling in the simulation of functioning process where the logistics system is describes as the multi-agent environment.
The following topics were dealt with: human/computer interfaces; texture, depth and motor perception; neural nets; fuzzy systems; learning; product/process design; simulation; robotics; visual system cybernetics; batch processes; image compression and interpretation; AI applications; fuzzy adaptive control; decision modelling; agile manufacturing; service sector; inductive algorithms; complex systems; Petri nets; real time imaging; KBS; machine recognition; requirements engineering; inspection and shop floor control; environmental decision making; medicine; supervisory control; discrete event systems; power systems; software methods; heuristic search; vision systems; database systems; information modelling; facility design and material handling; conflict resolution; emergency management; genetic algorithms; decision making and path planning; IVHS; senses approximation; intelligent user interface; robust controllers for mechanical systems; cognitive and learning systems; command and control systems; pilot associate systems; neural net applications; real time systems; mobile robot visual processes; medical applications; utility energy systems; machine recognition; computing systems design; software engineering; military applications; data analysis; stochastic processes; guided vehicles; and stability and compensation.
The article presents the development of the ontology for a multi-agent subsystem analysing user posts in social networks in order to identify security threats to society. The testing of multi-agent subsystem using the developed ontology is described.
Resource-driven automata (RDA) are finite automata, sitting in the nodes of a finite system net and asynchronously consuming/producing shared resources through input/output system ports (arcs of the system net). RDAs themselves may be resources for each other, thus allowing the highly flexible structure of the model. It was proved earlier, that RDA-nets are expressively equivalent to Petri nets. In this paper the new formalism of cellular RDAs is introduced. Cellular RDAs are RDA-nets with an infinite regularly structured system net. We build a hierarchy of cellular RDA classes on the basis of restrictions on the underlying grid. The expressive power of several major classes of 1-dimensional grids is studied.
The paper discusses a multi-paradigm approach to the modeling of Demand Responsive Transport systems. It contains a brief overview of issues which appear during modeling of such systems, considers various multi-agent architectures and describes some algorithms which can be used for modeling. Also the paper provides some details about previous investigations on this topic, in particular: a centralized model based on combinatorial auctions and a multi-agent based multi-layer distributed hybrid model. The aim of the paper is working out a sound solution based on a combination of these two approaches which would utilize “system of systems” engineering approach where layered architecture would help to deal with real-time issues and increase system’s reliability and combinatorial auctions would help with global search of the optimal solution. Such combination improves the efficiency and reliability of the system.
Nested Petri nets is an extension of Petri net formalism with net tokens for modelling multi-agent distributed systems with complex structure. While having a number of interesting properties, NP-nets have been lacking tool support. In this paper we present the NPNtool toolset for NP-nets which can be used to edit NP-nets models and check liveness in a compositional way. An algorithm to check m-bisimiliarity needed for compositional checking of liveness has been developed. Experimental results of the toolset usage for modelling and checking liveness of classical dinning philosophers problem are provided.
There have been implemented engineering and development of multi-agent recommender system «EZSurf» that performs analysis of interests and provides recommendations for the social network «VKontakte» users based on the data from profile of particular user. During the work process different methods and technological solutions have been analyzed with examination of their advantages and disadvantages. Besides of that the comparative analysis of analogous products has been held where the most similar is Russian start-up service - Surfingbird. Based on this analysis the decision of recommender system implementation and integration has been accepted. The feature of this system is that it uses social network “VKontakte” profile for user’s data collection and API of third-party services (LastFM, TheMovieDB) for an extraction of information about similar objects. Such an approach contributes into optimization of recommender system, because it does not require creation of its own object classification system and objects database. The functionality of multi-agent system was separated between three agents. First agent (Collector) collects user data from “VKontakte” profile using VK API. Second agent (Analyzer) collects similar objects from databases of thitd-party services (LastFM, TheMovieDB) that will be the criteria for further search of recommendatory content. For search and selection of information an agent (Recommender) that works as web-crawler has been implemented. System «EZSurf» can be exploited by the users of social network “VKontakte” in everyday life for time economy on web-surfing process. At the same time they will get recommendations on content that are filtered depending on preferences of every particular user.
Modern transport systems are characterized by the development and implementation of intelligent transport technologies. Today, dynamic forecast models are not used in practice in the operation of a passenger terminal. Decision making is based on some regulatory values for passenger traffic, but this is not sufficient for efficient terminal management. Modern passenger terminals are characterized by dynamic process variability and consideration of diverse options, taking into account the criteria of safety, reliability analysis, and the continuous research of passenger processing. For any modern marine passenger terminal, it is necessary to use the tool to simulate passenger flows in dynamics. Only in this way it is possible to obtain the analytical information and use it for decision making when solving the problem of the amount of personnel required for passenger service, transport safety, some forecasting tasks and so on. Of particular relevance is the choice of the mathematical transport model and the practical conditions for the implementation of the model in the real terminal operation. In this article, the analysis technique of intelligent simulation-based terminal services provides a new mathematical model of passenger movement inside the terminal and presents a new software instrument. Moreover, the conditions of implementation of some transportation models during the operation of marine passenger terminal are examined. The study represents an example of analytical information used for the forecast of the terminal operations, the analysis of the workload and the efficiency of the organization of the marine terminal.
This book constitutes the joint refereed proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Next Generation Wired/Wireless Advanced Networks and Systems, NEW2AN 2017, the 10th Conference on Internet of Things and Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2017. The 71 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 202 submissions. The papers of NEW2AN focus on advanced wireless networking and applications; lower-layer communication enablers; novel and innovative approaches to performance and efficiency analysis of ad-hoc and machine-type systems; employed game-theoretical formulations, Markov chain models, and advanced queuing theory; grapheme and other emerging material, photonics and optics; generation and processing of signals; and business aspects. The ruSMART papers deal with fully-customized applications and services. The NsCC Workshop papers capture the current state-of-the-art in the field of molecular and nanoscale communications such as information, communication and network theoretical analysis of molecular and nanonetwork, mobility in molecular and nanonetworks; novel and practical communication protocols; routing schemes and architectures; design/engineering/evaluation of molecular and nonoscale communication systems; potential applications and interconnections to the Internet (e.g. the Internet of Nano Things).
The conference “2021 Systems of signals generating and processing in the field of on board communications” is organized with technical sponsorship of Russian (Moscow) IEEE Circuits and Systems (CAS04) Chapter IEEE Region 8, Russian Section Chapter, MTT/ED and Institute of Radio and Information Systems Association (IRIS), Vienna, Austria. The conference featured invited researchers, educators, managers, and graduate students, whose research activity, case studies or best practices, are shedding light on the theory or practice of engineering, include modern digital transportation systems design and technical operation, radio waves propagation, transmitting, receiving and processing signals in television and radio broadcasting devices, information technologies in transport. The main areas of the conference “Systems of signals generating and processing in the field of on board communications” include modern digital transportation systems design and technical operation, radio waves propagation, transmitting, receiving and processing signals in television and radio broadcasting devices, information technologies in transport. FIELD OF INTEREST: Components, Circuits, Devices and Systems; General Topics for Engineers; Signal Processing and Analysis. Reports presented at the conference are grouped in 6 sections: 1. Antennas and Radio Waves Propagation. 2. Navigation and Mathematical Algorithms of an Object Space Orientation. 3. Radiofrequency Applications. 4. Wire and Optical Communication and Control Systems. 5. Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS): Sub-section 1: Use of digital ITS infrastructure in telematic control systems on urban passenger transport Sub-section 2: Peculiarities of data exchange in cooperative ITS Sub-section 3: Theoretical Aspects of Artificial Intelligence Systems Development for Transportation Engineering Sub-section 4: Test methods of motor vehicles integrated into an intelligent transport environment 6. Digital signal processing in on-board radio systems
Описывается созданный макет манипулятора с биоэлектрическим управлением. Манипулятор сделан в форме человеческой ладони, движение пальцев которой управляется через электромиосигналы оператора. В среде LabVIEW разработан виртуальный прибор, позволяющий с помощью дискретного вейвлет-преобразования осуществить анализ электромиосигналов оператора, определить моменты мышечной активности и сформировать по результатам анализа сигналы управления манипулятором.