Regulatory Policy in Russia—Smart Suggestions, But Poor Implementation
An article looks at regulatory reform in Russia. Author outlines that the Russian economy suffers from excessive regulation. He argues that while promising plans to address this problem exist, the government lacks the political will to pursue them and has postponed this reform until the next political opening.
The article examines the international experience of using behavioral tools for increasing the effectiveness of public administration and assesses the prospects of their implementation in the Russian rulemaking practice. The first part provides a brief overview of the development of the theoretical framework of “nudge” and examines differences between the behavioral economy and the classical and neoclassical economic theory. Then, the authors describe practical cases of the application of behavioral «nudging» in various areas of regulation. The third part of the article concerns the experience of institutionalization of «nudging» at the state level in selected OECD countries and emerging countries, including a description of the specifics of the development and performance of specialized bodies (units) in leading states. The conclusion summarizes the prospects for, firstly, enriching the public administration theory with behavioral approaches, and, secondly, for institutionalization of behavioral insight unit within the Russian government.
At the heart of this project is comprehensive Sociological research conducted in Russia by the Centre for Study of Civil Society and Non-Profit Sector, NRU HSE, with support from the Basic Research Program of the National Research University – Higher School of Economics. Using the methodology that parallels that of IAVE’s Global Corporate Volunteering Research Project, the research sample includes three groups of organizations that conduct employee volunteer programs.The results demonstrate that the workplace can be a conducive, safe environment within which workers can express their willingness, as private citizens, to help people in need and to address pressing human, social and environmental problems through volunteering and giving. Those who volunteer through their workplace are more actively involved generally in civil society – both as volunteers and in giving cash donations – than their colleagues who do not volunteer and than the general population.
The regulatory policy report is the latest in a series written in cooperation with the Higher School of Economics and expert and business communities during the work on a comprehensive strategy to modernize the public administration system in Russia. For CSR, changing the regulatory policy along with introducing modern managerial approaches to public administration, personnel policy, and large-scale digital transformation, is a priority for successful structural reforms.
The ideas and suggestions on the regulatory policy presented by CSR were of great interest to the Russian business community. CSR received dozens of conceptual proposals from experts, businessmen, and public officials from all over Russia. We worked on promising regulatory policy tools and a comprehensive strategy for two years and a major part of our deliverables can be found in Chapter 3 of this report. Many of these proposals were also included in the Development Strategy for 2018–2024 presented by CSR at the request of the Russian President.
Some aspects of social activity in Russia are investigates in this article – what can be meant, what kind of resources can be given for this sector from different types of investors. Problems and modern tendencies in Russian “third sector”. This article is a step of analysis for further research.
This article aims to analyze different ways of measuring the efficiency of corporate social responsibility (CSR) programs. It emphasizes the necessity to develop some scientifically consistent method by which the output of such programs can be evaluated in social and business environment of modern Russia. Institutional analysis of efficiency-boosting measures applicable to Russian CSR programs shows that outsourcing can become one of the sound (though not readily apparent) ways businesses can pay their dues to the society.
Railway reform in Russia aims at opening the room for competition. The paper assesses the impact effect of new tariff structure on internal on-track competition and investigates its’ state at the early stage of reform. It shows that lack of tariff flexibility makes the emerged industry structure unsustainable when vertically integrated state-owned infrastructure company serves the downstream market. This provides strong incentives for the infrastructure owner to establish ‘daughter’ (unregulated) train operating companies in order to prevent cream-skimming by competitive fringe. Thus the industry structure gravitates toward complete vertical separation with access to infrastructure charged likewise Ramsey formula and the final services being unregulated.
The article examines issues in employers’ social responsibility with the account of international and Russian standards, Russian legislation, social reports of the Russian and foreign companies and case law. The author outlines problems of interpretation of the core CSR concepts and describes the peculiarities and legal aspects of CSR implementation in Russia. The first part of the article describes historical prototypes of CSR, analyzes this concept in the context of its interpretation in international and Russian acts, as well as outlines the spectrum of obligatory and recommendatory sources of social responsibility regulation issues. Apart from this, the first part of the article offers a brief examination of the core CSR principles. The study of these issues has been taken with regard to the role of the Russian union of manufacturers and entrepreneurs in the CSR development in the Russian Federation, its cooperation with the respective international bodies. This part examines general questions of non-financial reporting, as well as modern alternatives to social reporting as a way of sharing the information on companies’ compliance with the CSR principles. The first part of the article is concluded with an interim summary on main ideas introduced in the first part of the article.
This article is devoted to developmet of regulatory impact assessment (RIA) in Russia as part of the institutional reforms regarding legislative procedures.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.