Данте – Петрарка – Тассо: топос поэта-изгнанника
The article examines the topos of an "exile poet", which is a subvariant of the topos "poet-sufferer". It gained special popularity in the era of Romanticism, when it became firmly part of the poetic language and an element of self-description for poetry. But his roots are long-standing. Already Dante gave this topos motifs of moral fortitude, love of the homeland in spite of and over her unjust court, acceptance of her fate. Petrarch added the motive of absolute self-sufficiency as the main condition for poetic self-realization. Tasso formed topos definitively, giving it the properties and status of normativeness: the poet by his choice is doomed to an unresolvable conflict with social reality.