Вербальная репрезентация женских запахов искусственного происхождения в немецкоязычном романтическом дискурсе
The present paper tackles the question of smell semantics and semiotics in the context of intimate communication of sexes. The authors analyze the linguistic representation of different characteristics of woman's artificial smell and identify specific features of single lexemes’ use for the transmission of olfactory sensations. Analysis shows that the main ways of describing smell are:
1) hedonic odor assessment - evaluation by the "pleasant / unpleasant" criterion,
2) naming the smell-reference (riecht nach / Geruch von),
3) metaphorical transfer, especially to other sensory spheres (synesthesia), which distinguishes situationally significant signs of odor.
These language devices are used with approximately equal frequency and depend on individual olfactory preferences and on being included in a certain context. This fact is especially relevant for the study of smell representation in the intimate, often irrational reality of lovers’ communication.
When describing smell in the romantic discourse - one of lovers’ communication - the main thematic area is the nomination of a physiological impact on a partner who feels the existential necessity of perceiving the smell of the beloved woman and desire for physical affinity. This effect is verbalized by metaphors which represent women’s smell as an omnipresent peremptory aggressor pursuing the man in love, penetrating into his consciousness, owning his memories, destroying his moral foundations, manipulating his biological essence.
The smell is also often perceived as a poisonous substance that stupefies, deafens and intoxicates, emphasizing the insidious nature of the female smell, which acts on the invisible "front" secretly as a hidden saboteur.
An important means of describing female artificial smell in romantic discourse is the sensory-emotional synesthesia that represents the smell as a thirst quencher or a veil enveloping the beloved person with an invisible cloud. The smell of a beloved woman is delicious and sweet, gentle and sensual; its assessment takes the entire positive scale from "good" to "divine".
The symbolic component of woman's smell is largely determined by her axiological perception, represented by evaluative adjectives that characterize the behavior, the way of life of a woman, and evaluate her as a whole. Adjectives are, in addition, a means of verbal presentation of woman’s gender identity with an emphasis on the importance of self-presentation, "adornment" with pleasant smells.
In conclusion, the authors give a textual representation of the cognitive model of the female artificial smell, which connects all linguistic facts described above into a single logically connected scenario. This model demonstrates the scope and the internal semantic content of the subject area.