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Article

Экзистенциальные основания личностного взросления

Чукарина А. А., Шумский В. Б.

The article proposes to use the construct «existential fulfilment», understood as the realization of the four fundamental existential motivations (FM) identified by A. Laengle, as a generalized criterion of personal adultness. In the theoretical part of the article the criteria of personal adultness proposed by different authors, are systematized in accordance with the concept of the four FMs. A quantitative study (N = 3677) demonstrated moderate positive correlations of the indicators of existential fulfilment with self-control and systemic reflection. In the quantitative-qualitative study (N = 53), performed on the basis of the modified «Life Line» method by V. V. Nurkova, it was revealed that the greatest contribution to the process of personal maturation to the age of 23 is made by events related to the formation of the ability to withstand and accept conditions and limitations of life (1st FM) and with the formation of the structure of the self, which is shown in ability to be authentic (3rd FM). The greatest number of positive events influencing personal adultness occurs at the age of 18—23 years, the greatest number of negative events that prevent adultness occurs before the age of 12 years. Further research is needed with the involvement of groups of respondents older than 40 years.