South Africa's Soviet Theoretical Legacy
The article discusses the influence of Soviet ideological constructs on the policy programmes of the African National Congress (ANC), South Africa’s ruling party. The most important of such constructs was the notion of the National Democratic Revolution (NDR) which, since 1969, has constituted the core of the ANC’s programmes and ideology. Since 1994, when the ANC came to power, the NDR has been the goal and the basis of the policy of this party. The article analyses the history of the NDR concept, its contents and goals and explores its long route from the Soviet Union to South Africa.
The article analyses the policy of South Africa's government in the sphere of nationality realtions.
The chapter is devoted to the life and activites of Nelson Mandela, an oustanding fighter against apartheid, first black president of the Republic of South Africa.
The problems of identity are no new theme in the research in African politics. In the foreground of interest of political scientists, historians, philosophers, sociologists and experts in African studies the identity appears in particular in connection with the for¬mation of African nations, the existence of nationalities and ethnics, which have direct influence on the operation of the African political system, especially its institutions. The scholars use a great many different approaches, which suggest the importance of these issues in the research in African integration processes and especially the process of development of modern African nations.
The chapter is devoted to the life and activites of Jacob Zuma, South Africa's president from 2009.