The review presents a book of memoirs and studies by former British participants of anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa. They describe their involvement, methods they used in their activities, thier encounters with apartheid secret police and their cooperation with the operatives of the military wing of the African National Congress. Reminiscences are tinted with romanticism, but the analyses is sober and valid. In addition the romaticization of the past does not lead the authors to condone the policy of the ANC governemnt today.
The review analyses a book of memoirs by white British citizens who particiapted in the underground struggle against apartheid and who made an extremely important contribution to its fall.
Several parties in South Africa claim the Russian Revolution as their own, some as a landmark in their history, all as a pivotal point in the imaginary world which they strive to achieve. The South African Communist Party (SACP) is the most influential of them, though not in the sense of membership or the number of parliamentary seats.COSATU, South Africa’s biggest trade union federation, also ascribes to the SACP the role of ‘the vanguard of the South African working class’ in the National Democratic Revolution (NDR) which both organisations see as the ‘Road to Socialism’ in South Africa. The Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), which split from the African National Congress (ANC), South Africa’s ruling party, in 2013, positions itself as a Marxist-Leninist, anti-capitalist and anti-imperialist party. The Black First Land First (BLF), a splinter from the EFF, lists Marxism-Leninism as one of its ideological guidelines.
All these organisations had a reason to celebrate the centenary of the Russian Revolution in 2017 – and they did, although in a very different manner. This article looks into the ways the revolution was commemorated and into the reasons behind this.
The article discusses the influence of Soviet ideological constructs on the policy programmes of the African National Congress (ANC), South Africa’s ruling party. The most important of such constructs was the notion of the National Democratic Revolution (NDR) which, since 1969, has constituted the core of the ANC’s programmes and ideology. Since 1994, when the ANC came to power, the NDR has been the goal and the basis of the policy of this party. The article analyses the history of the NDR concept, its contents and goals and explores its long route from the Soviet Union to South Africa.