Функциональный сбой синтаксического ритма как средство актуализации эстетических намерений автора
The relevance of the research consists in the identification of the fundamental laws of text creating. The belle-lettres text is considered to be a structurally organized form of information with the aim of rendering esthetic impact on the recipient. The general structural principles of the text (integrity and regularity) are characterized by such properties as proportion, harmony, symmetry and rhythm. Rhythm as regular alternation of signs of different language levels organizes, both the structure of the text, and a process of conveying information by the sender and its perception by the recipient. Rhythm is one of the mechanisms to realize the functional and semantic category of expressivity. The hierarchy of meanings reached as a result of rhythmic orderliness of the text creates esthetic effect and provides sense increment. The author discriminates two kinds of syntactic rhythm: assimilative rhythm for transmission of factual information and dissimilative rhythm as means of rendering esthetic information and realizing the author's intentions. Subjected to analysis is dissimilative rhythm with the aim of identifying the reasons for functional failure of assimilative rhythm.