The article examines the competencies and terms of reference of the office of his own Imperial Office, created in 1826, whose main task was to systematize Russian law and publish the current collection of laws. Despite the fact that M.M. Speransky did not formally hold any posts in the Department, it was he who was the "MLG" and the "motor" of streamlining Russian law. The result of the activities of the Second Branch was the publication of the Code of Laws on an industry basis.
The article is devoted to the question of expressiveness of non-literary speech. Proceeding from the theory of two languages of M. Y. Blokh, the author considers the principal differences between the literary and non-literary speech. The author exposes the ability of non-literary speech to be expressive with reference to the existing definitions of expressiveness. Having analyzed the materials chosen from literature of human sciences and literature of natural sciences, the author distinguishes two types of expressiveness of speech – logical-semantic and imaginative. The special attention is given to the analysis of different ways of achieving two types of expressiveness. Imaginative expressiveness is considered in the light of the dictemic theory and analyzed on the examples of metaphors and similes.
The article contains an overview of current developments in the analysis of speech perception. It outlines major directions of research into perception in general and speech perception in particular with a special focus on such problems as units and strategies of speech perception, differences in interpreting and understanding oral discourse and strategies and models of speech perception.
The article addresses the problems of effective human communication and the role of phonetic means in achieving the pragmatic aim. The problem is considered from the point of view of the Theory of Speech Acts and discourse-analysis which allows the author to conclude that intonation and prosodic cues come first when processing and interpreting certain communicative-pragmatic types of utterances. The paper explores how context can enhance our understanding of the role played by prosody in interactive discourse. Special focus is given to a range of prosodic parameters which are known to make meaningful contributions to discourse. Finally it is proposed that the prosodic shape of utterances primarily functions to guide the listener in how to proceed: how to access the relevant cognitive context within which to interpret the speaker’s contribution, how to evaluate that contribution, and how to construct the interaction itself, to enable the communication to take place.
The paper dwells upon the problem of the conceptual metaphors and similies functioning in the professional discourse. In order to specify what the professional discourse is the author considers the notions of “genre” and “discourse”. The stylistic features of professional discourse are analyzed in the light of of the dictemic theory. Proceeding from M. Y. Blokh’s theory of two natural languages of people the author analyzes different genres of professional discourse. Special attention is given to professional discourse in the Internet. To illustrate the inherent ability of metaphors and similies to be involved in all the types of professional discourse the author examines the written and oral materials of various works of politicians, artists and fine arts experts.
The article outlines the modern approaches in language teaching and their principles. The authors describe the common techniques used within each approach. It is stated that the eclectic use of various approaches might improve teaching foreign languages at universities because it encourages the development of study, social and instrumental competences which meets the requirements of current national standards for higher education.
The author argues that a new type of practical handbooks on L2 phonetics for L1 native speakers can be developed on the basis of a frequency scale of the most typical pronunciation mistakes they make when speaking L2. In order to obtain such a scale, the entire phonetic systems of L1 and L2 have to be put to full-size contrastive analysis. The article specifies major principles and procedure of both contrastive analysis itself and verification of results obtained on its basis. The proposed methodology is exemplified by a contrastive analysis of obstruent velar stops in Russian and German.
The aim of this paper is to discuss the dichotomy of formal and informal styles of reasoning in the perspective of practical turn in logic. The heuristic potential of the concept "image of logic" introduced by I.N. Griftsova for the critics of essentialist theories of formality will be revealed
In order to meet the demands of a high quality educational system in the country it is necessary to examine the ways to attract qualified specialists into teaching profession, to analyze reasons and factors of choosing this profession, the level of job satisfaction. The article deals with the perception of English language teaching profession by secondary school teachers of English on the basis of its social and economicattractiveness as well as nature of work. The participants were 50 secondary school teachers of English from the city of Perm and Perm Kray. Survey results demonstrate that though respondents find the nature of work and English teaching content appealing, there is a negative perception of economic conditions associated with the teaching profession. The article examines the relationships between perception of English language teaching profession and the age of the respondents.
the article deals with the theoretical aspects of languages for specific purposes (LSP). Subjected to analysis are the phonetic, lexical, grammatical and functional properties of Languages for Specific Purposes.
Religious feeling is specified on the basis of qualitative distinction between cognitive and none-cognitive structures of consciousness: using examples of biblical and talmudic extracts religious feeling is demonstrated in its special emotional traits – worldness, regularity, participation. It is declined traditional understanding of religious feeling as knowledge of God, image of God or world disguised as this image. Such understanding should be comprehended in view of uncertain broadened epistemology. This religious feeling specification shows religion as a special sphere of clean consciousness.
The article reports on the study of phonetic variation in oral discourse.
The article presents substantiation of the criterion of demarcation as predominance of the cognitive or axiological in discipline and tests it using sociological theology as an example. The article shows heterogeneity of this theology ranging from pseudo-science to science and its predominant quality as valuable (non-cognitive) discipline.
The article investigates questions on the main published documents on the soviet political censorship. The author analyses process of the Glavrepertkom’s establishment and also pays special attention to the possibilities of usage of the Glavrepertkom’s official printed sources.
The article deals with problems of bilingual competence formation with customs officers. The author analyzes practice and own experience of teaching English at non-language faculties in higher education institutions that gives the grounds to assume that the main difficulty of teaching is connected with specific of personnel training for Customs service. The article provides the necessary psychological and pedagogical conditions to improve the efficiency process of bilingual competence formation in Russian Customs Academy.
The article focuses on the analysis of the stylistic and syntactic peculiarities of the official document texts produced by three British social departments. There is a certain tendency to simplify the official style, traditionally associated with this sphere. As a result, there appears a new ‘easy read’ format aimed at the public.