Привлечение НКО к оказанию социальных услуг: прозрачность применяемых процедур
In connection with the increased attention of the State to the involvement of NPOs into providing services in social sectors, the Federal and regional legislation regulating the orders (procedures) for selecting social service providers is analyzed. The authors verify the hypothesis that these orders, which now are approved within all branches of the social sphere, have serious deficiencies that adversely affect the transparency of the above-mentioned procedures. Regional legislation is considered in relation to 15 specially selected subjects of the Russian Federation.
There are three types of selection procedures for social service providers: 1) competitive selection, 2) non-alternative choice of service provider by the customer, 3) the choice of the service provider by the consumer, including through the use of certificates. These orders are analyzed through the following components: the categories of suppliers from which selection is made; "input" requirements, that is, the requirements that the organization must satisfy in order to be admitted for selection; requirements for the customer (state or municipal authority) to submit information on the selection and selection results; selection criteria (for the competition); requirements for the procedure for reviewing and evaluating the proposals of participants (for the competition). The study confirmed the proposed hypothesis, and the flaws that adversely affect the transparency of the selection procedures exist for each of the indicated components.