Новая надпись из Херсонеса Таврического
The author publishes a new decree from Chersonesus in honour of Gaius, son of Antiochos, a citizen of an obscure polis of Stectorium (Phrygia) and south Pontic Amastris. Paleography and the type of preamble of the decree show that the monument can be dated most probably to the period from the last third of the 1st century BC through the mid-1st century AD. Of special interest is the mention of the Phrygian polis Stectorium, attested up till now only in three epigraphic sources. Chersonesus’ links with Amastris have been well attested in the 2nd century AD inscriptions, but there are some grounds to suppose that they had been active at least from the second half of the 1st century on. The author also proposes a new restoration of a Chersonesian decree published earlier (SEG 32, 786).
The new complex of Greek inscriptions from Machkhomeri fortress is a unique evidence of the Christianization of Lazica in the 6th c. Along with the inscriptions from Sepieti and Vashnari (now in the Ozurgeti Museum) churches, these are the first monuments of lapidary epigraphy from Lazica and the only complex of inscriptions known there. Three lapidary inscriptions have different characters: one is an invocative and building inscription, the second is invocative and prohibitive, and the third is probably prohibitive. All three of these inscriptions are executed according to the epigraphic style of the mid-6th ‒ mid-7th c., but by different carvers; especially the form of epsilon is different: drop-shaped (incl. with a gap at the top), rectangular and diamond-shaped, that indicates Lazica’s acquaintance with different varieties of the Greek epigraphic ductus. The graffiti inscriptions on the slab, possibly of school character, should also be considered as evidence of the spread of Greek alphabet in Lazica; but also here the form of alpha varies between one with a broken crossbar (like on the lapidary inscriptions of Machkhomeri) and the other with a loop. One should also pay attention to the names of the ktetors: Gorgonios and Theonas, who, as in the case of Sepieti (Philoktistos), are not of local, but of Greek and Christian origin. Probably, the builder of the martyrium basilica, Gorgonios, dedicated it to the holy Forty martyrs of Sebasteia, bearing himself the name of one of them. Also important are the parallels to the formulas of Machkhomeri inscriptions found in the epigraphic traditions of Asia Minor and the East (Arabia and Syria), which may suggest the origin of the ktetors or carvers.
The idea for this book concerns the Northern Black Sea in antiquity. It is published in memory of Heinz Heinen, who was writing on the Roman Imperial period in the Northern Black Sea region for this volume and planned to call his chapter "The Long Way to Pontic Unity". Later, at any rate, he admitted that the term "unity" did not seem adequate to him: "Pontic Networks", he said, would be "more realistic". The piece was never written - Professor Heinen died in July 2013 - but his deliberation on his chapter's title reflects the ideas that permeate the entire book. The question of identity is one of many addressed in several chapters of this book. Together, the nine chapterd comprising the volume cover a broad variety of topics, but by no means offer ab exhaustive study of the region.
This volume brings together select papers from the international conference "Byzantine Anatolia: Space and Communities" held in June 2019 at Koç University, Istanbul (Turkey).
A New Greek defixio from Nikonion
Une nouvelle defixio du territoire d’Olbia du PontUne nouvelle defixio du territoire d’Olbia du Pont