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Regular version of the site

Article

L'arpentage général des terres en Russie comme projet impérial (1765-1861)

Histoire et Societes Rurales. 2018. Vol. 50. No. 2. P. 109-157.

By articulating together the fields of the economic and rural history, social
history and imperial history, this paper explores the attempts by the Russian
monarchy to conduct the delimitation of lands in the whole country from the
XVIIth century to the middle of the XIXth century. The central event was the
General lands surveying undertaken in 1765, which was a part of reform
policies of Catherine II. It was not designed really for establishing the taxation
basis but had the broader goals of identifying and delimiting different types of
lands throughout the empire, as well as of providing knowledge of its
economic situation. Moreover, it should be noted that the gentry, as a social
order, was able to strengthen its land rights and privileges and to settle some
land property litigations. In this paper, we investigate the chronology of the
implementation of the General lands surveying, the surveying services and
practice, as well as its results, which show the diversity of territories and the
economic and social realities which characterized the Russian Empire during
that time period.