Лингвистическое моделирование как инструмент выявления искажений речевых навыков автора письменного речевого произведения. Опыт практического исследования
This study highlights the problem of intentional distortion of the writing skills of the writer. By intentional distortion the distortion caused by the intention of the text author, and the distortion caused by the circumstances of the external environment (for example, the will of third parties) are understood. The material for the study was person’s A confession. The document was subjected to linguistic analysis in the context of the trial in connection with the issue of exerting pressure on person A by law enforcement agencies when drafting the text of the confession. That is why the question whether there were any distortions of the author's speech skills in the analyzed document appeared (this distortion indirectly indicates the presence of pressure). It is important that in this case the authorship of the text by A is not denied.
While studying the document, language material was analyzed in the light of the language personality teaching. The study included two phases: linguistic analysis, and quantitative-linguistic analysis.
The result of the study was a mathematical model of the linguistic personality of the confession author (together with comparative samples of his written speech). This model revealed a discrepancy between the speech skills, explicated in the confession, and the stable speech skills of the face A.