Проектирование IoT-платформы для управления энергоресурсами интеллектуальных зданий
The problem of designing a cyberphysical system used as a service for Smart buildings control using Internet technologies — Internet of Things (IoT) is considered. Such software platforms are part of the complex systems of the BEMS — Building Energy Management Systems and are an instrument for implementing energy savings in buildings. IoT servers and controllers form a management infrastructure in which the mechanisms of adaptation and data mining, which are continuously received from a large number of nodes, play a special role. In the absence of standards for the implementation of BEMS based on IoT, as well as increasing requirements for the composition and functions of analytical support, there is a need to unify software architectures and ensure their effective implementation in solving practical problems. Software component unification, including the scenario manager, provides operational software implementation using various information technologies, including cloud or foggy computing. The presented architectural templates clearly illustrate the possibilities of scaling and developing services for managing intelligent buildings using IoT. The projected open SaaS architecture software platform is an effective means for buildings energy managing with a contour of Data Mining. It can be used for replication of knowledge about the energy efficiency in buildings, including the use of renewable energy sources.
A novel approach to triclustering of a three-way binary data is proposed. Tricluster is defined in terms of Triadic Formal Concept Analysis as a dense triset of a binary relation Y , describing relationship between objects, attributes and conditions. This definition is a relaxation of a triconcept notion and makes it possible to find all triclusters and triconcepts contained in triclusters of large datasets. This approach generalizes the similar study of concept-based biclustering.
This book constitutes the second part of the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Formal Concept Analysis, ICFCA 2012, held in Leuven, Belgium in May 2012. The topics covered in this volume range from recent advances in machine learning and data mining; mining terrorist networks and revealing criminals; concept-based process mining; to scalability issues in FCA and rough sets.
Concept discovery is a Knowledge Discovery in Databases (KDD) research field that uses human-centered techniques such as Formal Concept Analysis (FCA), Biclustering, Triclustering, Conceptual Graphs etc. for gaining insight into the underlying conceptual structure of the data. Traditional machine learning techniques are mainly focusing on structured data whereas most data available resides in unstructured, often textual, form. Compared to traditional data mining techniques, human-centered instruments actively engage the domain expert in the discovery process. This volume contains the contributions to CDUD 2011, the International Workshop on Concept Discovery in Unstructured Data (CDUD) held in Moscow. The main goal of this workshop was to provide a forum for researchers and developers of data mining instruments working on issues with analyzing unstructured data. We are proud that we could welcome 13 valuable contributions to this volume. The majority of the accepted papers described innovative research on data discovery in unstructured texts. Authors worked on issues such as transforming unstructured into structured information by amongst others extracting keywords and opinion words from texts with Natural Language Processing methods. Multiple authors who participated in the workshop used methods from the conceptual structures field including Formal Concept Analysis and Conceptual Graphs. Applications include but are not limited to text mining police reports, sociological definitions, movie reviews, etc.
Almost all of the technologies that are now part of the cloud paradigm existed before, but so far the market has not been proposals that bring together emerging technologies in a single commercially attractive solution. However, in the last decade, there were public cloud services, through which these technologies, on the one hand, available to the developer, and on the other - it is clear to the business community. But many of the features that make cloud computing attractive, may be in conflict with traditional models of information security.
Due to the fact that cloud computing bring with them new challenges in the field of information security, it is imperative for organizations to control the process of information risk management in the cloud. In this article on the basis of Common Vulnerability Scoring System, allowing to determine the qualitative indicator of exposure to vulnerabilities of information systems, taking into account environmental factors, we propose a method of risk assessment for different types of cloud deployment environments.
Information Risk Management, determine the applicability of cloud services for the organization is impossible without understanding the context in which the organization operates and the consequences of the possible types of threats that it may face as a result of their activities. This paper proposes a risk assessment approach used in the selection of the most appropriate configuration options cloud computing environment from the point of view of safety requirements. Application of risk assessment for different types of deployment of cloud environments will reveal the ratio counter possible attacks and to correlate the amount of damage to the total cost of ownership of the entire IT infrastructure of the organization.
The way of the automated knowledge control system realization is offered on the basis of such intellectual means as the ontologic approach, fuzzy logic and data mining.
In this paper some of the task assignment methods and approaches are examined. The analysis of the algorithms considered is showing their strengths and weaknesses. Also, the ways of further research are presented, which aims to develop a methodology for task assignment in project management area.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.
Let G be a semisimple algebraic group whose decomposition into the product of simple components does not contain simple groups of type A, and P⊆G be a parabolic subgroup. Extending the results of Popov , we enumerate all triples (G, P, n) such that (a) there exists an open G-orbit on the multiple flag variety G/P × G/P × . . . × G/P (n factors), (b) the number of G-orbits on the multiple flag variety is finite.
I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables