Анализ мультимодальных перевозок в цепях поставок нефти европейских стран региона Атлантики, Северного и Балтийского морей
The typical feature of the oil market of the Atlantic region, the North and Baltic Seas is significant prevalence of imported raw materials over domestic oil refining, and the oil production dynamics over the past few years does not suggest a significant production growth in the future. This circumstance determines specific features of the logistics of oil transportation to the Atlantic region, the North and Baltic Seas refineries. Availability of Druzhba's oil pipeline system enables to use the trunk pipelines for Russian oil supply to regional refineries without a marine pass, which makes the process independent on weather conditions. So oil supplies via Druzhba are crucial for the region. Marine oil transportation to the Atlantic region, the North and Baltic Seas market has a number of advantages. That is why refineries in many countries have crude oil supplied via European oil trunk pipelines that receive oil via marine port terminals. The paper describes the transport infrastructure of oil pipelines sea terminals, shows modern distribution of oil refining facilities in the European continent, and studies the procurement volume arriving to refineries of the region via the Atlantic region, the North and Baltic Seas transportation system. A considerable part of refineries in the maritime countries is located in close proximity to the oil port terminals. To develop efficient programs of crude oil supply to the Atlantic region, the North and Baltic Seas, the infrastructural opportunities provided by these economic entities are studied in the paper. The findings reveal that the port infrastructure of states in the Atlantic, North and Baltic Seas region water area is able to receive VLCC class tankers. Using the quantitative analysis method, we review the developments in oil refining facilities and oil refining volumes in the region. We singled out the main groups of countries participating in the global oil market. Despite a drastic capacity loss of the regional refineries the total volume of oil refinery in the Atlantic, North and Baltic Seas has an upward trend. Development of this process will lead to an increase in imported oil flow and will provide an additional load of the region's transport infrastructure.
The article analyzes the structure of trade flows, transport and logistics infrastructure and discussed the prospects of development of regional logistics system
Logistics infrastructure development drives the national welfare growth. Transportation plays a significant role in logistics infrastructure as it helps to realize one of the main logistics functions – management of material flow between two different points. Taking into consideration the length of Russian Federation as well as variety of climatic and natural conditions, it is obvious that railway prevails as it is unaffected by external impact and has several economic advantages over other modes of transport. The article demonstrates the need for speedy execution of the project well known as Northern Latitudinal Railway. Moreover it is investigated general socioeconomic and logistics consequences of appearance of Transpolar alternative to Trans-Siberian Railway.
The topicality of the paper is defined by the world trends of economic development accompanied by the growth of urban population and the formation of agglomerations. Moscow agglomeration has a leading development potential among others.
Uncoordinated and unbalanced policies of various government agencies and monopolies as well as business structures can lead to irrational expenditure of investments and negatively affect the public interests: environment, level of prices for consumer goods and services, level of service, imbalance of labor market, aggravation of problems related to the labor migration. In long-run perspective it may lead to a slowdown or even a reduction in the gross regional product.
The article considers main stages of urbanization, models of urban environment development (functional distribution of infrastructure), spatial development of agglomerations (mono- and polycentric agglomerations), and main risks associated with the development of Moscow agglomeration according to the adopted model.
The work focuses on the necessity to clarify the boundaries of the Moscow agglomeration when the interests of nearby territorial entities are under consideration and projects of logistics and manufacturing infrastructure development are planned.
Based on the program and reports it was evaluated the effectiveness of remedies to develop Moscow agglomeration implemented by state and municipal authorities. As well, it was analyzed the potential impact of remedies on the interests of industries and social spheres that are related to the implementation of these projects.
In particular, it is shown the data on the level of development and geographical distribution of regional warehouse infrastructure, the provision of freight rail infrastructure, the problem with staffing issues in the logistics sector and the migration situation in the Moscow region.
The conducted research confirms the necessity to elaborate transport and logistics system in Moscow agglomeration taking into account all risks associated with side-effects of the program.
There are some key conclusions are received in the article among which: 1) it is required to coordinate programs on the level of the whole agglomeration and industries whose performance indicators reflect the decisions made; 2) the transport and the logistics system of Moscow agglomeration should be developed taking into account all risks associated with the side-effects of the program; 3) the second proposition can be realized via the creation of a center responsible for the development of various agglomerations; 4) the center mentioned in the point three should include not only state and municipal authorities, but also science and business in order to coordinate programs at different levels, provide methodical support and collect data which will be used to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of projects.
The main objective of the guidebook is to examine financial instruments available within the Northern Dimension area for financing projects of cross-border transport and logistics infrastructure and to develop guidelines for co-financing mechanism. The gudelines assist the members, project managers and project promoters of the Northern Dimension Partnership on Transport and Logistics in applying the financial instruments that pull together the EU and national public and private funding, and to increase the successful implementation of the projects.
The chapter explores financial instruments and models that can be used to fund projects concerning the development of logistics infrastrucure in Russia. The authors review such sources as Investment fund of the Russian Federation, regional investment and road funds, funds of the EU and international financial institutions, private investment as well as special preparation funds. Different kinds of public-private partnership with reference to the logistics infrastructure projects are described and thoroughly analyzed.
Sustainable regional economic growth depends on many different factors and one of the cores is its security by the infrastructure. The question of infrastructure is quite complicated both for the analysis – because the infrastructure needs to be analyzed as a complex of objects, and for the business infrastructure projects are usually huge investing projects. The aim of this research is to conduct a comprehensive Saint Petersburg Logistics Infrastructure analysis.
This article analyzes the development of retail chain market in Russia in the context of building an efficient logistics infrastructure in the distribution. Key market trends specific to the current stage of retail trade development and the main factors influencing the change in the retail market in Russia (the growth of competition, increase of the share of the largest network operators, active entry of world's online retailers into the Russian market and others) are analyzed. There are the following main trends of the market marked in the article: open of new stores, extension of market coverage and expansion of logistics infrastructure, in particular, development of distribution centers and other storage facilities.
It is recommended for retail operators how to design and re-engineer its own distribution network in the article. It is shown the way of interaction between departments of trading company, especially with logistics one, regarding decision of strategic tasks of effective distribution network design. Approaches how to evaluate the effectiveness of logistics distribution network reorganization are assessed.
It is proposed an algorithm of distribution network design (reengineering) which comprises three main stages: analysis and evaluation of the existing logistics distribution network; identification of key areas of logistics distribution network reorganization; the reorganization (or design) of the optimal logistics distribution network
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management