Cognitive linguistics in education: the new paradigm of Japanese language teaching
Current interdisciplinary research was performed on the basis of linguistics and foreign language educational methodology. Analyzing current situation with the Japanese language teaching materials it could be discovered that due to the long academic tradition of teaching Japanese in Russia the basic concept of some courses and textbooks does not meet modern expectations of the language learners. To go beyond the traditional approach to the Japanese language education we would like to demonstrate how the results of the applied linguistics and cognitive studies may contribute to the foreign languages teaching process. The paper underlines and describes the specific features of the Japanese language grammar categories thus providing the clear understanding of Japanese linguistic world vision such as representation of “non-doing” concept in Japanese language.
This book includes articles written by the participants of the First International conference "Methods of teaching oriental languages", lead by the School of Asian Studies of NRU Higher School of Economics. Presented conferecne proceedings focus on the current problems of studying and teaching oriental languages, such as Chinese, Japanese and Korean. The articles address such issues as methodology, translation studies and intercultural interaction within the classroom.
The article is implemented within the cognitive approach and is dedicated to the formation of a substantive core of the polysemantic verb, particularly of the verb of relations in the modern English. The first part of the article presents points of view on the semantic nature - "content plan" - of the word. In the second part of the paper the authors identify the main cognitive mechanisms underlying the formation of meanings of the verb compose, as well as its substantial core that combines all the lexical-semantic variants of a this verb.
The purpose of developing a cognitive model has been defined as the construction and analysis of simulation models improve interaction between government and business. In line with this objective has been hypothesized that an increase in the efficiency of interaction between business and government increased the values of competition in politics and economics, which in turn are directly related to each other. The latter is not in doubt, since the state of competition in the economy is inextricably linked to the legislative machinery of antitrust restrictions, by which representative bodies suppress or support unfair competition.
The paper analyze a cognitive schemes - from the prototype to the scenario as applied to the management tasks. It is shown that understanding the essence and structure of cognitive schemes as tools for describing and constructing reality allows enriching the notion of scenic and scenario management. Particular attention is paid to the semantic nature of the scenario and the use of different scenario semantics of in solving actual management problems.
This book is designed to help visitors to Japan communicate with local people in everyday situations. It requires no previous knowledge of the Japanese script -- all Japanese words are spelled in the English alphabet. The basic of Japanese grammar are followed by extensive phrasebook chapters and comprehensive lists of related words and a Japanese-English/English-Japanese Dictionary.
Acquired disorders of writing in the Russian language have been reported for more than a century. The study of these disorders reflects the history of Russian neuropsychology and is dominated by the syndrome approach most notably by the writings of Luria. Indeed, our understanding of acquired dysgraphia in Russian speakers is conceptualized according to the classical approach in Modern Russia. In this review, we describe the classical approach and compare it to the cognitive neuropsychological models of writing disorders that are developed to explain dysgraphia in English and in other Western European languages. We argue that the basic theoretical assumptions of the two approaches – cognitive and classical or syndrome approach – share similarities. It is therefore proposed that identification of acquired cases of dysgraphia in Russian could potentially benefit from taking the cognitive neuropsychological perspective. We also conclude that adopting elements of the syndrome approach would substantially enrich the understanding of acquired dysgraphia since these offer an insight into processes not described in the cognitive neuropsychological approach.
The paper deals with the problem of using graphic visuals in English class as a means ofenhancing discourse structure awareness from the psychoeducational perspective. The issue under consideration has become actual in teaching English for Specific Purposes, e.g. Economics in English, as well as Academic English. Discourse structures are basic text models making it possible to fully understand detailed information and carry out a systematic analysis. Appropriate interpretation of diagrams, visual frames, semantic webs, mind-maps and other graphic visuals by means of the OPTIC system implies the use of overview-, parts-, title-, interrelations- and conclusion- components. As in this case theleft and right cerebral hemispheres are involved in the mental process, thinking visually can both expand students’ horizons and raise the chances of containing information inthe long-term memory.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.