The Impact of IFRS Adoption on Earnings Management in Russia
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adoption on the frequency of earnings management in Russia according to accruals-based approach. The empirical analysis employs the linear regression model which includes a dependent variable (discretionary accruals), an independent variable (accounting standards) and some control variables. The sample used for the analysis contains 361 observations of Russian public companies from various industries during the period from 2010 to 2015. It is anticipated to obtain the result showing that earnings management is intensified after IFRS implementation.
In this study, we analyse compliance for a large sample of European companies mandatorily applying International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Focusing on disclosures required by IFRS 3 Business Combinations and International Accounting Standard 36 Impairment of Assets, we find substantial non-compliance. Compliance levels are determined jointly by company- and country-level variables, indicating that accounting traditions and other country-specific factors continue to play a role despite the use of common reporting standards under IFRS. At the company level, we identify the importance of goodwill positions, prior experience with IFRS, type of auditor, the existence of audit committees, the issuance of equity shares or bonds in the reporting period or in the subsequent period, ownership structure and the financial services industry as influential factors. At the country level, the strength of the enforcement system and the size of the national stock market are associated with compliance. Both factors not only directly influence compliance but also moderate and mediate some company-level factors. Finally, national culture in the form of the strength of national traditions (‘conservation’) also influences compliance, in combination with company-level factors.
This article is devoted to the results of the author dissertation research for the study of the motives referring to the concept of «Lean Production» in Russian companies by operating in the design operational (production) systems. The article presents the data of the statistical analysis of hypotheses on the example of one of the objects of study - structural unit of a subsidiary of JSC «Russian Railways» - the motor-car depot GZD (logistics services).
Researchers of the Russian economy have unanimously identified the most important features of stock ownership and control (NССG 2008: 12-16). First, the concentration of capital in the corporate sector resulting from its aggressive redistribution for more than 15 years tends to be high. Secondly, the high concentration of ownership affected the development of corporate control and evolution of the mechanisms of corporate governance. This high concentration provides the basis for control by the majority shareholder or a consolidated group of such shareholders exercised by various formal and informal means. Majority shareholders are constrained only by the need to comply with the formal legal provisions and often imitate the activities of intra-corporate tools.
Capital structure is one of key company value factor, so it is important to identify its determinants. Existing studies of Russian companies dedicated to capital structure puzzle use only publicly available data therefore ignore a number of important factors, including behavioral ones. Therefore, the current paper uses survey of people responsible for financial decision-making. In addition to choose statistically significant determinants the paper discusses the possibility of using factor analysis to identify groups of factors influencing the choice of funding.
The paper analyzes the main problems of reforming the Russian system of accounting in accordance with IFRS, formulated the basic proposals for improving the process.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.