Phenomenology of Religion in Russia as an Example of Phenomenological Incomprehension?
This article outlines the possibility of phenomenology of religion as a
strictly cognitive, non-theological and namely phenomenological discipline in
the structure of the study of religion, based on the cognitive-value demarcation,
for which the Russian variant of phenomenology of religion has been criticized.
The irreducible difference between cognition and value is grounded in the specificity
of thought and feeling; possible attempts to represent cognition and value
as a mixture are rejected. Phenomenology of religion as recomprehended is
characterized by a prevailing cognitive tendency and is thus separated as a
discipline from theology, which features a prevailing orientation towards value
(the theological part of the phenomenology of religion can clearly be included in
theology itself). By specifying the phenomenological quality of phenomenology
of religion, this article shows how religion can be represented in pure consciousness,
reducing it to the effects of interactions within structures of consciousness.
These disciplinary clarifications are founded on the general distinction
between the study of religion and theology – cognitive and non-cognitive (valuable)
and, thus, incomparable disciplines.