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Regular version of the site

Article

Кластерная политика как часть стратегии развития региона

The article is devoted to studying the main features of Russia’s cluster policy,
comparing it with the policies of a number of other countries, determining the effect of this policy on
Russian enterprises and formulating recommendations for improving the situation. A comparison of
the main features of the cluster policy of several countries suggests that more domestic approaches
are similar to the characteristics of the Czech Republic and Poland, although in Russia this policy
was launched later than in other European countries and domestic activities are not financed from
external sources. Unlike the US in Russia, cluster policy is mainly carried out “from the top down”,
and is not a response to enterprise initiatives. In Russia, also typical for other countries are measures
of cluster policy, in particular, on the promotion of start-ups, the development of human capital, the
improvement of innovative culture, the creation and development of communication channels. At the
same time, the regression analysis showed that the fact that it operates in a state-supported cluster
does not have any significant impact on enterprises. From this in the end, conclusions are drawn that
the existing cluster policy needs to be adjusted, in particular, in a deeper connection to the strategic
goals of the region’s development and taking into account the specific characteristics of clusters
working on the territory, especially the stages of their life cycles.