Кластерная политика как часть стратегии развития региона
The article is devoted to studying the main features of Russia’s cluster policy,
comparing it with the policies of a number of other countries, determining the effect of this policy on
Russian enterprises and formulating recommendations for improving the situation. A comparison of
the main features of the cluster policy of several countries suggests that more domestic approaches
are similar to the characteristics of the Czech Republic and Poland, although in Russia this policy
was launched later than in other European countries and domestic activities are not financed from
external sources. Unlike the US in Russia, cluster policy is mainly carried out “from the top down”,
and is not a response to enterprise initiatives. In Russia, also typical for other countries are measures
of cluster policy, in particular, on the promotion of start-ups, the development of human capital, the
improvement of innovative culture, the creation and development of communication channels. At the
same time, the regression analysis showed that the fact that it operates in a state-supported cluster
does not have any significant impact on enterprises. From this in the end, conclusions are drawn that
the existing cluster policy needs to be adjusted, in particular, in a deeper connection to the strategic
goals of the region’s development and taking into account the specific characteristics of clusters
working on the territory, especially the stages of their life cycles.
Articles published in the colection were presented at an international scientific conference (name and specified on the cover). The texts contain the results of scientific work of autors in the field of science which is indicated on the cover/
Proceedings of the 8th IEEE Conference on Standardisation and Innovation in Information Technology (SIIT)
UK corporate tax reform, corporate tax in Russia and tax relief system were considered and described in the article. Also it was made an attempt to apply UK experience of innovative activity encouragement through corporate tax regulation to Russian economy.
We consider the realization of the development strategy for the university in the context of global, national and regional trends. We show how the implementation of innovative forms of educational process and research work of teachers and students, co-operation with key partners are able to turn a new school in a leading regional university of socio-economic profile.
The article is dedicated to fiscal incentives for business angels. Business angel, a comparatively new phenomenon in Russia, is defined in the first part of the article. The second part is a research of fiscal incentives intended for private investors in order to encourage them to support small innovative enterprises. The research is based on European and North American experience. Finally, the third part suggests the ways of creating a system of fiscal incentives for business angels in Russia.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.