Объект правонарушения в современном исполнительном производстве
Identifying the object of the offense as a ground of responsibility in enforcement proceedings
allows to determine its place in the legal system, to establish links with other elements of the
relevant legal regime. The uniform normative task of enforcement is the correct and timely
execution of acts of specialized agencies. In the article author examines in detail the object
of legal wrongdoing in enforcement proceedings and comes to the conclusion that despite
the necessity to secure of authority of public body, which issued the document, which is
the subject for enforcement, for example the court decision, the interests of the particular
creditor, but not public interests, comes to the foreground. Based on the submission above
some practical conclusions are made regarding the possible future development of the system
of enforcement (including liability measures), ensuring the balance of interests of debtor,
creditor and state in contemporary enforcement proceedings. The author draws attention
to examples of the implementation of various approaches in Russian legislation; considers
the principles in force in the field of enforcement proceedings and their implementation.
Researchers of civil control are interested in public interest as legal category. Civil control is an observation, verification and appreciation in accordance with public interests by government. Civil control is exercised for the purpose defense and protection of the public interests.
The article is devoted to military service of K.P. von Kaufman, famous Russian statesman of the second half of the 19th century, during the first stage of his career in 1840s–1850s. This period of his biography had not been studied in details until now. Meanwhile, just during his service in the Caucasus and participation in the Crimean War, Kaufman gained his first experience of relations with oriental peoples and states as the soldier and diplomat. That experience was very important for him later, when he had became a Governor-General of Turkestan Region (1867–1882). Valuable source of information on the “Caucasian” period of life and activity of K.P. von Kaufman are the memoirs of his contemporaries who served with him. In contrast to official documents (such as orders, service records, etc.) these notes contains details on Kaufman’s service, and much information about his talents and abilities, the personal features reflected during his “conquer and organization” of Turkestan.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/