Архаические экономические институты: «распределённые мануфактуры» в малых городах России
On almost all geographical levels, symbolic management is increasingly introduced into processes of place management. Regional and local public authorities represent their developmental socioeconomic initiatives in an attractive way in order to obtain resources e.g. tourists, residents and capital. Along with this externally oriented symbolic management, оn the basis of empirical material which comprises Russian cases, this paper explores the capacity of internally oriented symbolic strategies to support place modernization and endogenous development, by involving multiple communities and reinforcing their sense of place.
The problems of the methodology of measuring the cohesion of local communities are considered. Presented method of qualitative evaluation of cohesion local (neighboring) communities allows us to calculate the integral indicator of cohesion, to make a "portrait" community cohesion at the individual indicators, and to identify the types of social cohesion within the community. Recommendations on the application of the methodology and statistical data processing are given. For scientists and specialists developing problems of social integration, methodology and methods of collecting and analyzing sociological data. It can be used in the educational process with students and postgraduates receiving education in the field of sociology and psychology.
The article describes a population’s activity associated with an independentand on its own responsibility realization of its own local issue-related initiatives.Th is is characterized as a form of citizens’ participation at the local level,as a social institute and as a sphere of population’s interest realization. Also thearticle describes the involvement of the Russian people’s in this form of citizens’participation as in their daily self-organization and charity activities according totheir place of residence, and evaluates the charity resources of the housing selforganizationactivists.
The chapter is about of the life of local communities.
The article is about community - or neighbours centres - as a part of community infrustructure -the system, which supports community development and community based NGOs (organizations of local self-government committees) . Who create such centres in Russia, what is their main goals and activities, their cliets? What kinds of organisations take the roles of community centres now - these are the key questions of this articles
Photography as conversation (by field study in Sochi, 2010-2014)
The field study realized in Adler region of Sochi during 2010-2014 is the ground of the paper. The main method applied is photo documentary, primarily researchers have done photos, and Photo Voices have been applied, too. Besides, the process of photography appeared to be the way of interaction with local inhabitants involving them in a dialogue with us. The aim was to get their commentaries, to reveal shared by them meanings of landscape and some objects in it. Thus we conducted the conversation about photo in the process of taking pictures. Our respondents influenced on the interpretation of photo images. In some cases photos presented such objects and elements of environments which respondent considered to be (or prefer to do) hidden, invisible.
The authors discuss a number of questions: how photo images may be used to analyze social changes, transformation of social structure, institualization of social practices, adjustment of novelty or resistance to changes. We consider some cases, such as ‘fences’, ‘streets’ building structure’, and ‘resort services’.
Some working materials are available: http://soc.hse.ru/gsoc/olimpobjects/.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.