Арт-рынок: особенности инвестирования в произведения живописного искусства
This paper estimates the attractiveness of investing in paintings relative to the stock market. The art market is analyzed in the context of heterogeneity in order to identify main trends, including an analysis of the number of lots sold and sales prices for different countries using an extensive sample of open results of painting trades (data obtained contains about 500,000 observations). Heterogeneity of the market is shown even in a separate segment of paintings. The composition of artists in quantitative characteristics, even within isolated groups, is extremely heterogeneous. Based on the sample of re-traded paintings, the effect of the relationship between price and the moment of sale of a painting (the survival model) is analyzed. The probability of selling a painting is estimated depending on the length of the lot placement. With the help of the accelerated life model, factors influencing the speed of the sale of the picture are estimated. The analysis was carried out for different regions of sale and different nationalities of the authors of the paintings. Results obtained can be used when considering investing in art as a tool for portfolio diversification.
Paper is devoted to modeling risks of mortgage default and prepayment using data from large Russian mortgage agency. Various techniques of survival analysis are applied to estimate corresponding hazard functions and their relation to loan characteristics. Along with traditional, single equation regression models, split population approach is used. Special attention is paid to model selection issues.
The instability of the stock market spurs investors to seek alternative ways of allocating financial resources. In this case, art assets could be considered as an attractive investment. Due to the uniqueness, specific costs, and risks inherent to the artworks, the fine art market is very heterogeneous and needs special treatment. In this article, we investigate attractiveness of the fine art market for investors in several ways. First, we construct hedonic art price indexes using the time dummy variable method based on the quantile regression. Secondly, we assess the art assets risk through CAPM model. Data include 536660 observations about oil paintings on auctions around the world during 2005–2015. According to the estimation results, the postwar paintings sold in the high price sector could be considered as an attractive sector for the investors but its acquisition is accompanied by a relatively high risk compared to the operation on the stock market.
Time to realisation of mortgage property is studied using data from Russian mortgage agency. Factors indicating high risk of non-realisation are revealed. Obtained estimates indicate that time to realisation is determined mainly by a loan-to-value ratio, a type of mortgage property and its location in economically developed region.
In the last decades of the 20th century, various classes of alternative investments have become increasingly popular among investors. During this time, art as a form of alternative investment attracted attention not only from potential buyers but also from academic scholars. Unfortunately, only a few of the newly published papers contained any quantitative analysis with regard to art’s investment performance. Besides, even a smaller amount of research was devoted to the analysis of Russian art markets. Therefore, the purpose of this work is to evaluate the efficiency of investments in the artworks of contemporary Russian painters and to compare the effectiveness of these investments with the effectiveness of investments in stock, bond and real estate markets in Russia and the USA. For this research, we first conduct a hedonic regression analysis on the data available for 1950-2019 time period. After that, we build a hedonic price index for the canvases of contemporary Russian artists. According to the results, the trend of this index reiterates largely the price behavior for world contemporary art market. However, the results of this study indicate that investments in contemporary Russian art do not outperform investments in instruments of Russian and American capital and real estate markets. These results were derived by applying the CAPM model which demonstrated that Russian art as a form of alternative investment is not advisable for the purposes of diversification of investment portfolios. Based on these findings, contemporary Russian art in general can be considered an unattractive instrument for Russian and foreign investors.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.