• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site
vision user

Article

СУЛТАНАТ МАМЛЮКОВ И ЭМИРАТ КАРАМАНИДОВ: ВЗАИМООТНОШЕНИЯ В КОНТЕКСТЕ ТЕОРИИ “ФИТНЫ”

The classic Mamluk era (mid‑13th – early 16th century) was one of the brightest in the history of
Egypt, as well as of the entire Middle East. The reign of the sultan Barquq marked the beginning of
what is known as the Burji, or Circassian, period (1382–1517). The current paper regards the impact
of the sultan Barquq’s policy concerning the Karamanids, on the relationships between the Mamluk
Sultanate and the Ottoman Empire with the neighboring regions. Furthermore, the fitnah concept holds
a prominent place in the Islamic political doctrine engaging with other key concepts such as jihad and
thaura (revolution). The authors trace the genesis of the fitnah concept in the Middle East history
during the seventh – fourteenth centuries. Analysis of rare epistolary artifacts of the Mamluk era forms
novelty value of the research. The main issue brought by the authors is to differentiate the connotations
of the fitnah concept as a historical and political phenomenon from its religious and legal notion.