Создание казанской полиции и первые годы ее деятельности
The sources of the work are legal acts of Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire of the XIX century, documents of the Russian State Historical Archive, the National Archives of the Republic of Tatarstan. The analysis of regulatory and archive sources allows to suggest that April, 23 1733 is the creation date of Kazan police, trace the historical of its development in XVIII – beginning of the XIX centuries, determine the spheres of interaction of Kazan police and central authorities
The article is devoted to the presumptions in standard-setting activities of the ministries of the Russian Empire.The presumption of "ideal of a single government" is considered as the presumption of the unity of the monarch and the Ministers of the Russian Empire. The role of legal presumptions in the lawmaking activity of the Imperial state is handled. The emphasis is made on the development of the mentioned presumption in the framework of the activities of the ministers for the initiation and submission of bills to the law-deliberative and legislative bodies of the Russian Empire.
On the basis of in-depth case studies of four Russian regions, Kirov and Voronezh oblasts and Krasnoyarsk and Perm' krais, the trade-offs among social and economic policy at the regional level in Russia are examined. All four regional governments seek to develop entrepreneurship while preserving social welfare obligations and improving compensation in the public sector. Richer regions have a greater ability to reconcile social commitments with the promotion of business. Regions differ in their development strategies, some placing greater emphasis on indigenous business development and others seeking to attract federal or foreign investment. Governors have considerable discretion in choosing their strategy so long as they meet basic performance demands set by the federal government such as ensuring good results for the United Russia party. In all four regions, governments consult actively with local business associations whereas organized labor is weak. However, the absence of effective institutions to enforce commitments undertaken by government and its social partners undermines regional capacity to use social policy as a basis for long-term economic development.
The article is devoted to the distinction between forms of legislative acts in the Russian Empire. Analogy with the modern problem of law-making, which are connected with the allocation of forms, types of regulations, the procedure of their publication is carried out.
Monograph is devoted to the functional activity of the ministries of the Russian Empire on the creation of normative acts of subordinate regulatory and legislative character. In the work the traditions of the development of historical forms of regulatory rule-making are determined. The place of the ministries in the implementation of the legislative process of the Russian Empire is denoted. The problems of correlation of normative competence of the ministries and of other subjects of law-making activities of the Russian state in 19 - the beginning of 20 century, including the monarch, the State Council and the State Duma are explored.
The publication is addressed to researchers, students, postgraduate students, teachers of high school, all interested in the problems of law, management and lawmaking.
A political scientist examines how regional elites shape the electoral fortunes of Russia’s hegemonic party, United Russia (UR). Using original data on regional legislative elections from 2003 to 2011, we show that UR performs better in those regions where regional governors control strong political machines. Russia’s leadership undercut its own electoral strategy by replacing popular elected governors with colorless bureaucrats who struggled to mobilize votes on behalf of United Russia. This is one of the reasons for United Russia’s poor performance in recent elections.
This article examines the role of archivists in shaping the capacity and the structure of a university’s memory. Drawing on sources such as laws and ministerial instructions, the authors analyze the government’s archive policy with regard to universities and how professors and archivists were taking part in its implementation. Their participation included sorting documents and attributing them to individual ‘cases’, destroying some of the ‘unnecessary’ documents and preserving others that were designated for destruction. Based on information from service records and university reports, the article tracks changes in the corporate status of university archivists in nineteenth-century Russia.