Акциональный DOM в мокшанском языке и проблема циклов грамматикализации
The paper deals with DOM rules in Moksha Mordvin.
In this chapter, I analyze the system of indefinite pronouns in Moksha. I list the series of indefinite pronouns found in Moksha and consider their main semantic peculiarities. I also suggest the distribution of the series on the semantic map and discuss the diachrony of several indefinite pronoun series.
The paper focuses on a two aspectual morphemes in Moksha Mordvin (< Mordvin < Finno-Ugric). The first of them, the Frequentative, has four phonologically conditioned allomorphs, -ənd-, -n’ə-, -s’ə-, and -kšn’ə-. These affixes used to be sepa-rate morphemes in Proto-Finno-Ugric, but ended up as having the same meaning and being complementarily distributed. A remnant of a more archaic stage of lan-guage evolution is the Avertive marker, -əkšn’ə-, only different from one of the Fre-quentative allomorphs by one phoneme, which can hardly be a coincidence. A dia-chronic hypothesis about how iterative-avertive polyfunctionality could have arisen is suggested.
This paper deals with adverbial constructions with the meaning of temporal posteriority in Moksha. The constructions in question vary in respect to the aspectual properties of the main and the dependent verb as well as to certain semantic properties of the main clause. This work aims at analyzing the scope of semantic operators in the main clause (modal, habitual, negation) which have an influence on the interpretation of Moksha posterior constructions. The key concept of the study is the degree of semantic integration which is being measured on the basis of aspectual and modal coherence between the clauses.
In Moksha Mordvin, non-verbal predicates can be marked for tense and agree with the subject in person and number. Subject agreement of non-verbal predicates represents a complicated system in which the grammaticality of verbal encoding depends on the person of the subject, the type of predicate (locative vs. nominal), its part of speech (noun vs. pronoun), the presence of definiteness and possessiveness marking, the time-stability of the depicted situations, and the tense of the predicate. Verbal marking of non-verbs is not restricted to predicates. The position of verbal markers in Moksha is regulated by the following properties: 1. Part of speech: verb > non-verb; 2. Information structure: focus > topic; 3. Grammatical relation: predicate > non-predicate. These properties are arranged in the following hierarchy: 1. > 2. = 3., i.e., the verb gets verbal marking whether in focus or not, and if no verb is present, verbal marking can be assigned to either a non-verbal topical predicate or a focused non-predicate. The data suggest Moksha verbal markers are intermediate between clitic copulas and predicative affixes proper.
The paper deals with semantic and morphosyntax of one aspectual derivation in Moksha