Понятие эллинизма в советской и постсоветской историографии: стадиальность и закономерность или историческая конкретность и случайность?
Ladynin Ivan Andreevich
The Notion of Hellenism in Soviet and Post-Soviet Research: A Regular Stage or an Idiographic Contingency?
The definition of Hellenism by A. Ranovich as a stage in the evolution of the slave-owning society was backed, on one side, by the traditional perception of it as a stage since the introduction of this notion by J. Droysen, and, on the other side, by the recognition of the socio-economic determinism in the Soviet Marxist theory. Reluctant both to accept Ranovich’s arguments and to quit Marxist method, K. Zelyin declined the perception of Hellenism as a stage and defined it as an “idiographic”, historically specific phenomenon. According to the author of this article, Hellenism is a condition of the Hellenic world after Alexander’s conquests; Hellenism as such is not a stage in any process but a specific form of the recourse of the Greek polis from the situation of its regular crisis in the 4th century B.C.