Матримониальное поведение россиян на фоне других европейцев
The first objective of this study was to provide an overview that briefly describes how modern research explains changes in matrimonial behavior in time and space (heterogeneity between European countries and within Russia). The second objective was to identify the main determinants of the choice of the first matrimonial union that function at macro-, meso-, and micro-levels. The third and main objective was to find an answer to the question of how changes in the matrimonial behavior of Russians are correlated with trends observed in other European countries. For this purpose, the second wave data of the international survey "Generation and Gender" and panel data of the Russian part of the same survey were employed.
The analysis demonstrated that in Russia, changes typical for the unified social spaces of industrial and post-industrial societies are taking place: an increase in the number of partners over a lifetime, a gradual decrease in the proportion of people getting married, an increase in the share of single people, and a decrease in the number of second marriages. Intercountry differences in matrimonial behavior are explained by a country's historically formed type of marriage, the values profile of the population, and the family policy regime (macro-level). In Russia, as well as in other countries, the choice of first matrimonial event type is determined by the type of settlement (meso-level), age at the first union, conception preceding the union, the matrimonial experience of parents, the circumstances of leaving the parental home and entering the job market, and the level of education (micro-level).