N.M. Karamzin’s Philosophy of History in Russia’s Intellectual Culture
N.M. Karamzin’s multivolume work History of the Russian State occupies a special place in Russian culture. It could with good reason be considered a great intellectual and moral feat for the Russian thinker and historian. Karamzin rediscovered Russian history and returned it to the mainstream of national life. Inspired by philosophical ideas from the Enlightenment, Karamzin created a historical encyclopedia of the Russian people. As a heroic poem about Russia, Karamzin’s creation has deep moral meaning. According to Karamzin, by turning towards the events and customs of the past, society fosters in itself the sense of history as a basis for its moral and civic development in the present and future.