Десять лет кластерной политики в России: логика ведомственных подходов
The cluster landscape in Russia is becoming more diverse. Since the release of “The Concept of Long-Term Socio-Economic Development of the Russian Federation until 2020” in 2008, which established the basic principles of the national cluster policy, there emerged more than 110 cluster initiatives, joining about 3 000 companies with 1.3 million jobs. Over the past 10 years, cluster-related agenda has become a priority for the Russian Government, primarily for the Ministry of Economic Development and the Ministry of Industry and Trade. Today every second cluster benefits from various government support measures.
The article aims at a comprehensive review of the Russian cluster policy over the past decade. The comparison of the cluster support programs, launched and administered by the two ministries, revealed some of their key advantages and limitations. With the issue considered, we suggest "smart" synchronization of different bureaucratic approaches to cluster support programmes design, based on the exchange of best practices. The federal law on cluster policy could be a starting point.