The current economic crisis in Russia has been caused by a combination of situational and “systemic” factors. The former group of factors includes (inter alia) a fall in international oil prices; the political revolution in Ukraine; a decrease of public trust in political power institutions in 2008- 2014; and a low quality analytical support of political decision-making process. The most important “systemic” factors are a traditional dependence of Russia on raw materials’ export and the crisis of national identity. The long-term effect of the crisis will be a narrowing of the spectrum of positions that Russia could take in the world economic and political system. Before the crisis, the spectrum of options was limited by a position of regional power (at best) and a position of emerging state/country with an uncertain status, survived in or experiencing a de jure or de facto territorial disintegration. As a result of the crisis the best possible option seems to be a position of a country at the periphery of the developed world deprived of any decisive influence on the politics of its neighbors.
In the article the concept of precariousness in labor relations is being developed. Presented a review of sociological theory that studies the precariousness of work and employment. On the materials of the two databases, 22 waves of the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey and research of the behavior of employees of small and medium businesses in Nizhny Novgorod labor market was identified the development of precarious labor relations. It is noted the tense economic situation of the analyzed group, reducing the value of the work to the level of wages, willingness to change jobs even in case of small increases in pay. Was fixed a significant proportion of workers who experience anxiety regarding the possible loss of a job, lack of sense of stability and confidence in the near future of the majority of employees in small and medium business. However, the majority consider their situation as more or less satisfactory, close to the average in the background of their own environment.
Workflow Petri nets with an additional (unbounded) resource place are studied. Resource tokens can be consumed and/or produced by transitions, hence a net can have an infinite number of different reachable states. A net with a certain initial resource is called sound if it properly terminates and, moreover, adding any extra initial resource does not violate its proper termination. An (unmarked) net is sound if it is sound for some initial resource. We prove the decidability of both marked and unmarked soundness for one-dimensional workow nets and present an algorithm of the minimal sound resource calculation.
There is the description of the conception "resource allocation". Increase in speed as a result of parallelization of work is demonstrated. As an example, the investigation of task from the contest "TRIZformashka 2015" is given.
In this work we consider modeling of workﬂow systems with Petri nets. A resource workﬂow net (RWF-net) is a workﬂow net, supplied with an additional set of initially marked resource places. Resources can be consumed and/or produced by transitions. We do not constrain neither the intermediate nor ﬁnal resource markings, hence a net can have an inﬁnite number of diﬀerent reachable states.
An initially marked RWF-net is called sound if it properly terminates and, moreover, adding any extra initial resource does not violate itsproper termination. An (unmarked) RWF-net is sound if it is sound for some initial resource. In this paper we prove the decidability of both marked and unmarked soundness for a restricted class of RWF-nets with a single unbounded resource place (1-dim RWF-nets). We present an algorithm for computing the minimal sound resource for a given sound 1-dim RWF-net.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.