Советские путешествия южноафриканских писателей: Алекс Ла Гума, Лоуренс ван дер Пост, Кристофер Хоуп
The chapter presents South Africa's history in the 20th and early 21st century. It doscsses this country's main political parties (African National Congress, National Party, , Democratic Union) and anlyses the policy of apartheid and the process of its dismantling. Much attention is paid to the problem of ethnic and race relations, particularly under the black majority rule, as well as to today's political and economic problems of the country.
The chapter is devoted to the life and activites of Nelson Mandela, an oustanding fighter against apartheid, first black president of the Republic of South Africa.
In his paper A. V. Voevodsky analyzes the Russian-South African interaction in the sphere of the higher education. The author considers historical background of relations of two countries in this area during the Soviet period. Untill 1990 th these contacts were developed mainly through two main forces of liberation movement in apartheid era — ANC and SACP. The interaction between the Republic of South Africa and Russia in the sphere of the higher education, as well as in other areas of economic and cultural cooperation has sharply weakened with the collapse of the USSR. The number of South African students in Russia has decreased practically to zero. The introduction in 2010 of the RSA in BRICS and the signing in 2013 of the Joint Declaration on the establishment of a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership between the Russian Federation and the Republic of South Africa gave a new impulse to relationship between Russia and RSA. Nowadays, despite the remaining difficulties in coordination of educational policy of the two countries, we can acknowledge a revival of contacts in the sphere of the higher education with a number of bilateral agreements between the South African universities and the Russian educational and scientific organizations and a growth of number of the South African students trained at the Russian universities. In this article are reviewed possible steps of this cooperation further expansion. © https://history.jes.su/s207987840001442-5-1-en
The author reviews the collective monograph that contains the results of the studies by the Center for African studies (Institute of World History, Russian Academy of Sciences) on relations between Russia and Africa in the XIX — early XXI century. He analyzes the content and principal ideas of the book’s four main sections and the individual chapters that make up them. The author also tries to evaluate the significance of this book for African studies and concludes that its importance is determined by the wide use of new archival materials and critical unbiased approach to historical data.
The book covers the history of relations between Soviet Russia and South Africa, which, for many decades, remained hidden even from those who were a part of it. It is devoted mostly to the Soviet period, although the first, introductory, chapter presents the history of relations between the two countries in the previous three hundred years, and the last one the relations after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the establishment of the diplomatic relations. In the first part of the book the reader will find a detailed analysis of close ties between the Communist Party of South Africa and the Communist International, the activities of the South African NGO Friends of the Soviet Union, trade relations in in the 1930s and the cooperation and diplomatic relations during the Second World War. The second part of the book is devoted to the relations between the USSR, South African communists and the African National Congress during the cold war era: Soviet assistance to the ANC's armed struggle, its ideological influence on the anti-apartheid movement, as well as the analysis of both Soviet and South African ideological constructs concerning one another and their mutual policies towards one another. The last part of the book covers Gorbachev's perestroika period and the infuence of the changes in the USSR and of its collapse on the situation in South Africa and on the relations between the two countries.